Published: 2017-05-27

A study on clinical and laboratory profiles of hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes in an Eastern Indian teaching Hospital

Shobhitendu Kabi, Rajesh Padhy, Baikuntha N. Panda, Siba N. Rath, Rabindra N. Padhy


Background: Stroke is a frequent cause of death and disability. This study was carried out to establish the pattern of various types of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and comparison between hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke in Eastern India.

Methods: This is a retrospective study of sample size 367 CVA patients; among them, 218 were ischemic and 149 were hemorrhagic admitted to Department of General medicine and Neurology of the hospital.

Results: Of the total 367 patients, there were 149 as hemorrhagic stroke patients and 218 patients as ischemic stroke patients. Ratio of hemorrhagic to ischemic stroke was 40.6: 59.4. Among patients in hemorrhagic patients male to female ratio was 1.6:1 and in ischemic stroke patients male to female ratio was 1.27:1. It was recorded that prevalence of ischemic stroke was higher than hemorrhagic type.

Conclusions: The CVA was associated with blood pressure, cholesterol and use of tobacco as the common risk factor for ischemic stroke. It was recorded that ischemic stroke patients had reported frequently than hemorrhagic patients.


Blood pressure, Cholesterol, Cerebrovascular accident, Hemorrhagic stroke, Ischemic stroke

Full Text:



Hartona S. Experiences from a multicenter stroke register: a preliminary report. Bull World Health Organ. 1976;54(5):541-53.

Bath P. Acute stroke. In: D. Machin, S. Day, S. Green, eds. Textbook of Clinical Trials. 2nd ed. Hoboken: Wiley; 2006:179-180.

Das SK, Banerjee TK, Biswas A, Raut DK, Mukherjee CS, Chaudhari A, et al. A prospective com-munity based study of stroke in Kolkata, India. Stroke. 2007;38(2):906-10.

Nagaraja D, Gururaj G, Girish N, Panda S, Roy AK, Sarma GRK, et al. Feasibility study of stroke surveillance: data from Bangalore, India. Indian J Med Res. 2009;130:396-403.

Ferri CP, Acosta D, Guerra M, Huang Y, Llibre-Rodriguez JJ, Salas A, et al. Socioeconomic factors and all cause and cause-specific mortality among older people in Latin America, India, and china: a population-based cohort study. PLoS Med. 2012;9(2):e1001179.

Kameshwar P, Singhal K. Stroke in young: an Indian perspective. Neurol India. 2010;58(3):343-50.

Dalal PM, Malik S, Bhattacharjee M, Trivedi ND, Vairale J, Bhat P, et al. Population-bases stroke survey in Mumbai, India: incidence and 28-day case fatality. Neuroepidemiol. 2008;31:254-61.

Sethi P. Stroke-incidence in India and management of ischemic stroke. Neuro Sci. 2002;4(3):139-41.

Das S, Banerjee T. Stroke Indian scenario. Circu. 2008;118:2719-24.

Eapen RP, Parikh JH, Patel NT. A study of clinical profile and risk factors of cerebrovascular stroke. Gujarat Med J. 2009;64(2):47-54.

Powell JL, Cook IG. Global ageing in comparative perspective: a critical discussion. Int J Sociol Soc Policy. 2009;29:388-400.

Warlow CP, van Gijn J, Dennis MS, Wardlaw JM, Bamford JM, Hankey GJ, et al. Introduction. In: eds. Stroke: Practical Management. 3rd ed. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell; 2008:1-5.