DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20163821

Hydatid cyst of the kidney: a case report and review of the literature

Neeta Shah, Mubin Patel, Vijay Agrawal, Meena Patel

Abstract


Primary involvement of the kidney is rare in case of hydatid disease. We present a case of primary left renal hydatid cyst in a 40 year old female patient admitted with left lumbar pain radiating to the back. Computed tomography of the patient was done and was suggestive of hydatid cyst involving the lower pole of the left kidney. The cyst was managed by left Nephrectomy with open surgical excision and preoperative course of Albendazole. This case emphasizes on better detection and evaluation of such rare cases to identify better treatment strategies.


Keywords


Cystic, Echinococcosis, Hydatidoses, Hydatid, Renal

Full Text:

PDF

References


Eckert J, Deplazes P. Biological, epidemiological, and clinical aspects of echinococcosis, a zoonosis of increasing concern. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2004;17:107-35.

Silber SJ, Moyad RA. Renal echinococcus. J.Urol. 1972;108:669-72.

Buckley RJ, Smith S, Herschorn S, Comisarow RH, Barkin M. Echinococcal disease of the kidney presenting as a renal filling defect. J Urol. 1985;133:660-1.

Pedrosa I, Saiz A, Arrazola L, Ferreiros J, Pedrosa CS. Hydatid disease: Radiologic and pathologic features and complications. Radiographics. 2000;20:795-817.

Unsal A, Cimentepe E, Dilmen G, Yenidunya S, Saglam R. An unusual cause of renal colic. Hydatiduria. Int J Urol. 2001;8:319-21.

Mongha R, Narayan S, Kundu AK. Primary hydatid cyst of kidney and ureter with gross hydatiduria: A case report and evaluation of radiological features. Indian J Urol. 2008;24:116-7.

Von Sinner WN, Hellstrom M, Kagevi I, Norlen BJ. Hydatid disease of the Urinary tract. J. Urology. 1993;149:577-80.

Altinors N, Senveli E, Donmez T, Bavbek M, Kars Z, Sanli M. Management of problematic intracranial hydatid cysts. Infection. 1995;23:283-7.

Brown RA, Millar AIW, Steiner Z, Krige JEJ, Burkimsher D, Cywes S. Hydatid cyst of the pancreas: a case report in a child. Eur J. Pediatric Surg. 1995;5:121-4.

Gharbi HA, Hassine W, Brauner MW, Dupuch K. Ultrasound examination of the hydatic liver. Radiology. 1981;139:459-63.

Kir A, Baran E. Simultaneous operation for hydatid cyst of right lung and liver. Thorac Cardiovasc. Surgeon. 1995;43:62-4.

Guntz M, Coppo B, Lorimier G, Cronier P. Hydatid cyst of the liver appearing late (10-22 years) after surgical treatment of pulmonary hydatidosis. Physio-pathologic problems J. Chir Paris. 1990;127:375-81.

Zmerli S, Ayed M, Horchani A, Chami I, El Ouakdi M, Ben Slama MR. Hydatid cyst of the kidney: diagnosis and treatment. World J Surg. 2001;25(1):68-74.

Gogus C, Safak M, Baltaci S, Turkolmez K. Isolated renal hydatidosis: experience with 20 cases. J Urol. 2003;169(1):186-9.

Angulo JC, Sanchez-Chapado M, Diego A, Escribano J, Tamayo JC, Martin L. Renal echinococcosis: clinical study of 34 cases. J Urol. 1997;157(3):787-94.

Cushieri SA, Steele RJC, Moosa AR. Treatment of Hydatid Cyst, Essential Surgica l Practice, 4th ed. Arnold Publishers. 2000;350.

Fazeli F, Narouie B, Firoozabadi MD. Isolated hydatid cyst of Kidney. Urology. 2009;73:999-1001.

Ishimitsu DN, Saouaf R, Kallman C. Best cases from the AFIP: renal hydatid disease. Radiographics. 2010;30:334-37.

Yilmaz Y, Kosem M, Ceylan K, Koseoglu B, Yalcinkaya I, et al. Our experience in eight case with urinary hydatid disease: A series of 327 cases held in nine different clinics. International journal of Urology. 2006;1162-5.

Turgut AT, Odev K, Kabaalioglu A, Bhatt S, Dogra VS. Multitechnique evaluation of renal hydatid disease. AJR Am J. Roentgenol. 2009;192: 462-7.

Kalinova K, Usunov N. Primary renal Echinococcosis – experience with 14 cases. In Journal of IMAB Annual Proceeding (Scientific Papers) Book 1. 2007.

Fekak H, Bennani S, Rabii R, Mezzour MH, Debbagh A, et al. Hydatid kidney cyst: 90 case reports. Ann Urol (Paris). 2003;37:85-9.

Ozbey I, Aksoy Y, Bicgi O, Polat O. Hydatid disease of the urinary tract: review of the management of 9 cases. Int. Urol. Nephrolo. 2001;33:329-34.

Ozbey I, Aksoy Y, Polat O, Atmaca AF, Demirel A. Clinical management of hydatid disease of the urinary tract. J. Int. Med. Res. 2000;30:346-52.

El Sheikh A, Al Malki A, El sheikh MA, Al Robayan A. Non-surgical management in 336 patients of hydatid disease: 23 years’ experience at Riyadh Military Hospital. Hepatogastro-enterology. 2001;58:336-46.

Yasawy MI, Mohammed AE, Bassam S, Karawi MA, Shariq S. Percutaneous aspiration and drainage with adjuvant medical therapy for treatment of hepatic hydatid cysts. World J. Gastroenterol. 2011;17:646-50.

Cretu CM, Codreanu, RR, Mastalier B, Popa LG, Cordes I, et al. Albendazole associated to surgery or minimally invasive procedures for hydatid disease– how much and how long. Chirurgia (Bucur). 2012;107:15-21.