Variations of great saphenous vein: a cadaveric study in central Indian population

Neha Rai, Sheema Nair, Naresh Thanduri, Rajeev Joshi


Background: Variations are more commonly seen in venous system as compared to arterial system. Varicosities are more commonly seen in the superficial veins of lower limbs.

Methods: In the present study, thirty lower limbs were dissected superficially to study the course, tributaries and perforators of great saphenous vein. After exposing the vein, we took various measurements from saphenofemoral junction to the origin of various tributaries and perforators. Pattern of duplications were also reported.

Results: The mean distance of tributaries and perforators were compared with the previous literature available. Patterns of duplication were also reported.

Conclusions: Study of variations of great saphenous vein would be of immense help in planning varicose vein treatment and coronary artery bypass procedures where it is used as autograft. Therefore, the study will be helpful for surgeons, cardiologist and interventional radiologist.


Cadaver, Duplication, Graft, Great saphenous vein, Varicose vein

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