Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice regarding rabies and its prevention among construction workers: a cross-sectional study in Berhampur, Odisha
Keywords:Construction workers, KAP score, Rabies
Background: Rabies is a viral zoonosis and human infection usually occurs following transdermal bite or scratch by an infected animal. It is one of the most dangerous and completely preventable diseases. Construction workers are vulnerable to animal bites. So, this study was undertaken to study the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding animal bite and rabies among construction workers.
Methods: A cross sectional study was done in campus of MKCG medical college, Berhampur, Odisha, India. Data was collected by using pre-designed interview from 400 construction workers. Data was entered and analyzed using SPSS V.17. Descriptive statistics and chi square test were applied. KAP score were calculated. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: Mean age group of study participants was 37.75±15.8, 72.5% were male and 27.5% were female. 84% of the participants had heard the word rabies. 65.75% among them had poor KAP score. KAP score was significantly associated with age, sex, education and residence.
Conclusions: Construction workers had poor knowledge about animal bite and rabies. Their knowledge, attitude and practice with respect to prevention and treatment of rabies can be improved by providing proper health education.
WHO, 1992. Eighth report of the WHO Expert committee on rabies: Technical report. Available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1751-0813.1993.tb06098.x/abstract.
Fooks AR. Rabies the need for a ‘one medicine’ approach. Veterinary Record. 2006;161:289-90.
Rabies fact sheet. World Health Organization. Retrieved on 15.10.2014. Available at http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs099/en/.
Baxter JM. One in a million or one in thousand. What is the morbidity of rabies in India? JOGH. 2012;2(1):1‐4.
Lozano R, Naghavi M, Foreman K, Lim S, Shibuya K, Aboyans V, et al. Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet. 2012;380(9859):2095‐128.
Singh NK. Clinical knowledge and attitudes of clinicians toward rabies caused by animal bites. JEMDS. 2013;2(50):9685.
Singh US, Choudhary SK. Knowledge, attitude, behaviour and practice study on dog bite and its management in the context of prevention of rabies in a rural community of Gujrat. In J Community Med. 2005;30(3):81‐3.
Ichhpujani RL, Chhabra M, Mittal V, Bhattacharya D, SinghJ, Lal S. Knowledge, attitude and practices about animal bites and rabies in general community‐‐a multi‐centric study. J Commun Dis. 2006;38(4):355‐61.
Singh A, Bhardwaj A, Mithra P, Siddiqui A, Ahluwalia SK. A cross‐sectional study of the knowledge, attitude and practice of the general practitioners regarding dog bite management in northern India. Med J DY Patil Univ. 2013;6:142‐5.
Chandan N, Kotrabasappa K. Awareness of animal bite and rabies among agricultural workers in rural Dharwad, Karnataka, India. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3(7):1851-5.
Kishore S, Singh R, Ravi SK. Knowledge, attitude and practice Assessment in health workers regarding rabies disease and its prevention in district Dehradun of Uttarakhand. Indian J Comm Health. 2015;27(2):381‐5.
Kamble B, Panesar S, Das A, Roy N, Yadav G, Khokhar A, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practices related to animal bites among the residents of an urbanized village in South Delhi. Int J Res Development Pharma Life Sci. 2016;5(3):2164-8.
Guadu T, Shite A, Chanie M, Bogale B, Fentahun T. Assessment of Knowledge, attitude and practices about rabies and associated factors: in the case of Bahir Dar Town. Global Veterinaria. 2014;13(3):348-54.