DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20173985

Role of early CT scan in diagnosis of occult scaphoid fractures- a prospective study

Omeshwar Singh, Anuradha Sen, Sumeet Singh Charak, Shakeel Ahmad

Abstract


Background: Wrists injuries are one of the common presentations to emergency departments and orthopaedic clinics. The scaphoid bone is the most commonly injured of the carpal bones accounting for 50-80% of carpal injuries and predominantly occurs in young healthy individuals. Scaphoid fractures are the most problematic to diagnose in a clinical setting because it can take up to 6 weeks for scaphoid fractures to become conclusive on plain X-ray films. Aim of the study was to retrospective study was carried out to study the role of early CT scan in diagnosis of occult scaphoid fractures.

Methods: A total of 123 patients presented with an acute wrist injury with subsequent signs of scaphoid injury in the absence of a diagnostic fracture on plain X-ray within the time period from June 2014 to May 2016 in a tertiary care centre.

Results: This study shows that 31% of normal X-rays were pathological on CT scan and out of these; scaphoid fractures (74% of pathologies) represent a large number of patients with fractures that were missed by initial plain films.

Conclusions: This study shows an extremely high false-negative rate for plain X-rays and advocate CT at the first attendance to fracture clinic if there is suspicion of scaphoid injury. An earlier diagnosis leads to appropriate management and reduces restrictions to the patient in terms of prolonged immobilization and repeated clinical reviews.


Keywords


Clinical scaphoid, CT scan, Occult fracture

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