DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20163318

A study of clinical profile of dengue fever in a tertiary care hospital of Jamnagar, Gujarat, India

Yagnik H. Chhotala, Chetal M. Suva

Abstract


Background: Dengue is the most rapidly spreading mosquito-borne viral disease of mankind, with a 30-fold increase in global incidence over the last five decades. It is a major public health concern throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. This is a prospective study, objective of which is to study clinical manifestations of all laboratory confirmed dengue cases admitted in the tertiary care hospital, Jamnagar, India.

Methods: The study is carried out on 100 cases of dengue fever from January 2014 to November 2015. Patients those who are more or equal 12 year of age and; admitted with fever, headache, myalgia are evaluated with other clinical features and laboratory findings. Other causes of fever like malaria, enteric fever, chikungunya and respiratory infections are excluded by appropriate tests.

Results: The most common presentation in our study was dengue fever without any complications (94%) and severe dengue fever (6%). Most common age group was between 20-29 years, mean age being 28.6 years with M: F ratio was 1.94:1. Most common clinical manifestation was fever observed in all patients (100%) followed by headache (98%), myalgia (97%), vomiting (49%). Warning signs present in total 28 patients out of 100.

Conclusions: The study draws attention to susceptibility of the male, young adult age group. Fever, headache and myalgia are common presenting complaints.

 


Keywords


Dengue, Fever, India, Gujarat

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