DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20173986

Assessment of socio-clinical profile of neonates admitted in sick neonatal care unit of tertiary care hospital: Odisha

Dhaneswari Jena, R. M. Tripathy, Srabani Pradhan, Geetanjali Sethi

Abstract


Background: Neonatal mortality rate of 29 and early neonatal mortality rate is 20 which contributes 53% of IMR. India targets to achieve single digit under 5 and neonatal death by 2030. Early identification and management of common morbidities among neonates is desirable for improving the survival. Therefore, this study was conducted with the aim of assessing socio-clinical profile of neonates admitted to SNCU and its impact on morbidities of newborn from different strata.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in SNCU of MKCG medical college from January 2016 to December 2016. Convenient sampling was done. Data was collected using pre-designed semi structured questionnaire.

Results: Total 752 study subjects were taken. Most common cause of admission was sepsis (47.4%) followed by prematurity (27.8%), birth asphyxia (13.9%) and IUGR (7.5%). Majority of out born neonates were admitted for sepsis (87.9%) while in born neonates for birth asphyxia (81.9%). All the morbidities were significantly higher among early neonates, babies born to illiterate mother and those with inadequate antenatal check-up.

Conclusions: Majority of babies were out born, may be due to delay and lack of quality new born care in the referring facilities. Sepsis was most common preventable morbidity by simple intervention of clean delivery practices which should be promoted. Birth asphyxia can be reduced by adequate skill development training of the staffs and minimising the 3 delays maternal care.


Keywords


In born, Morbidity, Mortality, Neonates, Out born

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