DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20174005

Lung involvement in accident victims: report of three cases

Ravindran Chetambath, Jabeed Parengal, Mohammed Aslam, Sanjeev Shivashankaran

Abstract


Lungs are target organ for damage during accidents and contribute significantly to the mortality of the victims. Here we present three different types of accidental injury to the lungs leading to respiratory failure and their varied presentations.


Keywords


Blunt trauma, Burn injuries, Drowning, Lung contusion

Full Text:

PDF

References


Liman ST, Kuzucu A, Tastepe AI, Ulasan GN, Topcu S. Chest injury due to blunt trauma. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2003;23(3):374-8.

Vignesh T, Arun Kumar AS, Kamat V. Outcome in patients with blunt chest trauma and pulmonary contusions. Indian J Crit Care Med. 2004;8:73-7

Fire Statistics, Great Britain, 2011-2012; Department for Communities and Local Government. Available at https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/fire-statistics-great-britain-2011-to-2012.

World Health Organization. World Health Organization Global Report on Drowning; 2014. Available at http://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/ global_report_drowning/ final_report_ full _web.pdf. 2014.

McGwin G Jr, Metzger J, Alonso JE, Rue LW. The association between occupant restraint systems and risk of injury in frontal motor vehicle collisions. J Trauma. 2003;54(6):1182-7.

Newgard CD, Lewis RJ, Kraus JF. Steering wheel deformity and serious thoracic or abdominal injury among drivers and passengers involved in motor vehicle crashes. Ann Emerg Med. 2005;45(1):43-50.

O'Connor JV, Kufera JA, Kerns TJ, Stein DM, Ho S, Dischinger PC, et al. Crash and occupant predictors of pulmonary contusion. J Trauma. 2009;66(4):1091-5.

Woodson CL. Diagnosis and treatment of inhalation injury. In: Total Burn Care, 4th ed, Herndon DN (Ed); 2009.

Sterner JB, Zanders TB, Morris MJ, Cancio LC. Inflammatory mediators in smoke inhalation injury. Inflamm Allergy Drug Targets. 2009;8(1):63-9.

Rehberg S, Maybauer MO, Enkhbaatar P, Maybauer DM, Yamamoto Y, Traber DL. Pathophysiology, management and treatment of smoke inhalation injury. Expert Rev Respir Med. 2009;3(3):283-97.

Enkhbaatar P, Herndon DN, Traber DL. Use of nebulized heparin in the treatment of smoke inhalation injury. J Burn Care Res. 2009;30(10):159-62.

Herlihy JP, Vermeulen MW, Joseph PM, Hales CA. Impaired alveolar macrophage function in smoke inhalation injury. J Cell Physiol. 1995;163(10):1-8.

Nguyen TT, Gilpin DA, Meyer NA, Herndon DN. Current treatment of severely burned patients. Ann Surg. 1996;223(1):14-25.

Lee MJ, O'Connell DJ. The plain chest radiograph after acute smoke inhalation. Clin Radiol. 1988;39(10):33-7.

Yamamura H, Kaga S, Kaneda K, Mizobata Y. Chest computed tomography performed on admission helps predict the severity of smoke-inhalation injury. Crit Care. 2013;17(3):R95.

Yamamura H, Morioka T, Hagawa N, Yamamoto T, Mizobata Y. Computed tomographic assessment of airflow obstruction in smoke inhalation injury: Relationship with the development of pneumonia and injury severity. Burns. 2015;41(7):1428-34.

Centers for disease control and prevention. unintentional drowning: Get the Facts; 2016. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/HomeandRecreationalSafety/Water-Safety/ water injuries-factsheet.html.

van Beeck EF, Branche CM, Szpilman D, Modell JH, Bierens JJ. A new definition of drowning: towards documentation and prevention of a global public health problem. Bull World Health Organ. 2005;83(11):853-6.

Salomez F, Vincent JL. Drowning: a review of epidemiology, pathophysiology, treatment and prevention. Resuscitation. 2004;63(3):261-8.

Orlowski JP. Drowning, near-drowning, and ice-water drowning. JAMA. 1988;260:390-1.