Published: 2017-09-28

Knowledge and awareness among female patients attending cardiac outpatient department in a super speciality hospital

Sushil Kumar Sharma, Vineeta Sawhney


Background: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality not only in males but also in females and knowledge about the disease is poor among them. Objective of the study was to assess the knowledge and awareness among female cardiac patients.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in outpatient department of cardiology in a super specialty hospital of government medical college Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, for a period of three month from 1st March to 31st May 2017. Female patients were given a questionnaire regarding socio demographic profile, knowledge and awareness were recorded and analyzed in percentage.

Results: There were 216 female patients, out of which 56.9% were in age group of 41-60 years, 86.1% were housewives, 87.5% were married, 54.1% having education up to 10th standard and maximum were living in joint family and 52.7% having monthly family income above 20,000. 44.4% were suffering from hypertension. Maximum females 59.7% consider themselves as bulky, 83% have changed their eating habits, 66.6% have started work out after the onset of disease, 61%-62% were having awareness about the cardiac symptoms and 97.2% were following allopathic drug therapy.

Conclusions: Overall knowledge and awareness about disease and risk factors among these females was good as these patients were already diagnosed patients and were coming for follow up. There is need of educational programme by involving primary health care workers and utilization of CVD guidelines as a better preventive strategy.


Awareness, Cardiovascular disease, Females, Knowledge, Sociodemographic profile

Full Text:



K. Park. Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine, 23rd ed. Bhanot Publishers; 2015:365.

Cardiovascular disease in India. Challenges and way ahead. International Heart protection summit, 2011. Available at

Global Atlas on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Control. World Health Organisation, 2011. Available at

Hippisley-Cox J, Pringle M, Crown N, Meal A, Wynn A. Sex inequalities in ischaemic heart disease in general practice: cross sectional survey. BMJ. 2001;322(7290):832.

Pandey RM, Agrawal A, Misra A, Vikram NK, Misra P, Dey S, et al. Population-based intervention for cardiovascular diseases related knowledge and behaviours in Asian Indian women. Indian Heart J. 2012;65:40-7.

Chen W, Yu Y, Glaser K. The knowledge and attitudes of coronary heart disease prevention among middle and older aged people in a community in Taipei. Taiwan Genatr Gerontol. 2009;4:251-62.

Potvin L, Richard L, Edwards AC. Knowledge of cardiovascular disease risk factors among the Canadian population: relationships with indicators of socioeconomic status. Can Med Assoc J. 2000:162:S5-11.

Kim C, Beckles GL. Cardiovascular disease risk reduction in the behavioral risk factor surveillance system. Am J Preventive Med. 2004;27(1):1-7.

Muhamad R, Yahya R, Yusoff HM. Knowledge, attitude and practice on cardiovascular disease among women in North- East coast Malaysia. International J Collaborative Res Internal Med Public Health. 2012;4(1):85-96.