DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20164558

Radiographic imaging of metabolic bone disorders in consonance with biochemical parameters

Parveen Chandna, Pramod Setty J., Jeevika M. U., Praveen Kumar Tejmal Kochar, Siddesh M. B.

Abstract


Background: Bone is a strong dynamic organ of the endoskeleton playing a vital role in structural integrity envisaging keeping proper shape and maintenance of the body, mineral reservoirs, blood production, coagulation and immunity. Metabolic bone diseases are a heterogeneous group of disorders that interrupt the normal homeostasis of bone formation and resorption. Bone regulates as well as acts as a host for hematopoiesis by providing niche for proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic cell. Bone is a dynamic tissue but metabolically active as it is being constantly formed (modelling) and reformed (remodelling). Metabolic bone diseases comprise of a broad spectrum of inherited and acquired disorders characterized by abnormalities in calcium metabolism and bone cell physiology- that lead to an altered serum calcium concentration and skeletal failure.

Methods: After taking a properly informed written consent and complete history, thorough clinical examination was done and these patients were subjected to radiographic imaging and biochemical analysis.

Results: With regards to fracture relating to different skeletal structures frequency was more in vertebra (38%), the maximum to be reported in 38 cases followed by hip fractures (17%) in 17 cases. Pelvis fractures were reported as (11%) in 11 cases and tibia fractures were reported to be only (7%) in meagre population of 7 cases, while remaining skeletal organs had (27%) fractures with subject to realisation in other 27 cases.

Conclusions: In all the osteoporotic cases irrespective to age of patients, values of serum calcium, serum alkaline phosphatase, serum phosphorus, serum potassium, serum sodium, serum calcidiol were within normal limits.


Keywords


Compression, Fracture, Osteophytes, Osteopenia, Osteoporosis, Radiolucency, Spondylolisthesis, Wedge

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