Effect of maternal nutritional status on the biochemical composition of human milk

Authors

  • Bina Dias Department of Biochemistry, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Sion, Mumbai - 400022
  • Devina P. Nakhawa Department of Biochemistry, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Sion, Mumbai - 400022

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20163325

Keywords:

Human milk composition, BMI, Maternal nutritional status

Abstract

Background: Infants normally thrive on their mother's milk. The nutrients required to sustain such a rapid growth are all supplied by breast milk alone in the first 3-4 months of life, in all infants. The composition of human milk should therefore provide a clue to the physiological needs for energy and nutrients in infants.

Methods: Sixty three milk samples of lactating mothers of full term babies were assessed for the levels of lactose, protein, triglyceride and cholesterol and were compared depending on their body mass index (BMI).

Results: The result of the present study showed that lactose content of the milk ranged between 4.2 gm/dl to 9.7 gm/dl, with a mean of 6.47 gm/dl. Protein content ranged from 0.6 gm/dl to 7.1 gm/dl, with a mean of 2.4 gm/dl. Cholesterol had a wide range with a minimum of 4.8 gm/dl to a maximum of 99.4 mg/dl, with a mean of 32.3 mg/dl. Triglyceride had a mean value of 8.4 gm/dl, values ranging from 1.9 to 34.1 gm/dl.

Conclusions: Breast milk composition is fairly constant and is not affected by maternal nutrition, or dietary intake.

References

Nommsen LA, Lovelady CA, Heining MJ, Lonnerdal B, Dewey KG. Determinants of energy, protein, lipid, and lactose concentrations in human milk during the first 12 months of lactation: the DARLING study. AM J Clin Nutr. 1991;53:457-65.

Olivia B, Ardythe ML. Human Milk Composition: Nutrients and Bioactive Factors. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2013;60(1):49-74.

Narang APS, Bains HS, Kansal S, Singh D. Serial Composition Of Human Milk In Preterm Term Mothers. Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry. 2006;21(1):89-94.

Lonnerdal B. Effects of Maternal Dietary Intake On Human Milk Composition. J Nutr. 1986;116:499- 513 .

Paul VK, Singh M, Shrivastava LM, Arora NK, Deorari AK. Macronutrient and energy content of breast milk of mothers delivering prematurely. Indian J Pediatr. 1997;64(3):379-82.

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Published

2016-12-19

How to Cite

Dias, B., & Nakhawa, D. P. (2016). Effect of maternal nutritional status on the biochemical composition of human milk. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 4(10), 4541–4543. https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20163325

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Section

Original Research Articles