DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20174949

A study on knowledge regarding eye donation among first year nursing students of a nursing school and college of Berhampur, Odisha

Parsuram Jena, Dhaneswari Jena, Monali Kar, Pravati Jena, Ranjeeta Nayak

Abstract


Background: In India bilateral corneal blindness constitute one percent of total blindness, With huge addition of cases of corneal blindness annually. Corneal transplantation offers the potential for sight restoration. The patients for corneal transplantation are growing due to insufficient number of eye donations in India. The gap between demand and supply is due to low awareness. Especially there is a need to study the knowledge of first line health counsellor in health facility where potential donors are available.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on May 2016 with 140 first year Nursing students to assess their perception towards eye donation. Data were expressed as proportions and percentages using SPSS 16.

Results: All participants knew about eye donation and 95.7% said these can be done irrespective of age and sex of the deceased. 55% students told HIV is a contraindication, 10% said that request for eye donations can be made by person himself alive or relatives after death. 15% knew that eye can be donated within six hours of death but none were aware regarding storage of donated eyes before transplantation. Only 2.1% of them heard about Hospital Corneal Retrieval Programme. Television (100%) was the main source of information. All of them personally supported eye donation.

Conclusions: The present study revealed that nursing students had heard about eye donation but knew less about the details of the procedure. They can contribute to awareness and motivating people for eye donation during their postings in various department in hospital.


Keywords


Corneal transplantation, Eye donation, Nursing student

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