DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20175440

To study the effectiveness of prophylactic use of ceftriaxone (single dose) in caesarean section in low risk patients in a tertiary care center, Moradabad, India

Ruby Kumari, Arti Sharma, . Sheetal, Pratibha Roy, . Anupriya

Abstract


Background: There is increasing incidence of caesarean section throughout the world. As caesarean section is associated with infectious complications which increase the rate of morbidity and mortality of mothers. For prevention of infectious complications antibiotics are used but careless use of antibiotics increasing incidence of antibiotic resistance. Many guidelines and studies recommend single dose antibiotic prophylaxis for women undergoing elective or non-elective caesarean section. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of Ceftriaxone as prophylactic antibiotic (single dose) in caesarean section in low risk patients.

Methods: A Prospective single blind study was carried out in the department of obstetrics and gynaecology, TMMC and RC Moradabad, a tertiary care center, in all low risk patients underwent for Elective and Emergency Lower segment caesarean section for 1 year from 1st June 2015 to May 2016 on 110 patients. Data was collected and analyzed by percentage and proportion.

Results: Prevalence of caesarean section was maximum in women of 26-35years age group (52.72%),about 67.27% was emergency LSCS, most common indication of caesarean section was Fetal distress (29.09%),refusal for vaginal delivery after caesarean section (10.90%) was one of the cause for increasing rate of repeat caesarean section, 41.81% women in labour,72.27% cases were with intact membrane, in 9.09% cases, antibiotic had to change in post-operative period due to urinary tract infection and surgical site infection, most common post-operative complication was superficial surgical site infection with purulent discharge (2.72%). No major life-threatening complication occurred.

Conclusions: Single dose of Ceftriaxone is effective for prevention of post-caesarean infectious complication.


Keywords


Caesarean section, Endometritis, Infectious complications, Preventive antibiotic, Surgical site infection, Urinary tract infection

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