Hospital based study of demography and clinical picture of vernal keratoconjunctivitis

Maneesha Sethi, Ridham Nanda, Amarjeet Singh Bali, P. Sadhotra


Background: Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is common cause of ocular morbidity in children living in tropical countries. Its diagnosis is based on signs and symptoms of the disease. The study was undertaken to stress upon the demography and clinical presentation of VKC.

Methods: Retrospective pre-formed proforma of 155 patients of VKC, who were detected at random in the out - patient department of ophthalmology, ASCOMS, Jammu from May 2016 to April 2017, were analyzed.

Results: Mean age at presentation was 10.31 years +4.05. The Male: Female ratio was 4.96:1. Majority of patients reported in the month of May. Mixed type of VKC was predominant. Personal or family history of allergy was seen in 5.8% of patients. Itching (100%) was commonest symptom and palpaberal papillae were commonest sign seen in 78.70% of patients.

Conclusions: Clinical pattern of VKC seen in hot and dry climate of Northern India is like that seen in other parts of country.


Allergy, Limbal, Palpebral, Vernal keratoconjunctivitis

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