DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20175717

Study on prediction of type 2 diabetes mellitus in undergraduate MBBS students: a cross-section study in a tertiary health center, Kolkata

Murari M. Mandal, Shobhit Garg, R. N. Mishra, Swanya P. Maharana

Abstract


Background: Diabetes, is now a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Prevalence of type-2 diabetes in children and adolescents is rapidly increasing worldwide. Adolescence and early youth period has pivotal importance for young people with diabetes risk when they usually start learning about how to take responsibility. With this background, present study was done to find out the proportion of various risk factors and future risk of developing diabetes among MBBS undergraduates in Kolkata.

Methods: This study was a cross-sectional institution based study done from 1st June to 18th June 2017. Data was collected by interviewing each respondent with the help of structured pre-designed pre-tested schedule, after which clinical examination for height, weight, waist and hip circumference, blood pressure and RBS were done. Out of 150 undergraduates, 130 agreed to participate. Data was analysed with R software.

Results: Mean age of the students was 20.45years. 48.5% of them were either overweight or obese. Nearly half of them had waist circumference and waist hip ratio in risk group. Only 65 were normotensive and 7 had high random blood sugar (≥140 mg/dl). 6 students were in high risk group according to both IDRS (≥60) and ADA (≥5) risk score. 66 students were in moderate risk (30-50) group as per IDRS risk score.

Conclusions: The simple and cost-effective IDRS could serve as a screening tool health worker to identify at risk individuals at the earliest and enable primary prevention by encouraging these students to modify their life-style.


Keywords


ADA, IDRS, Type 2 Diabetes, Undergraduates

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