DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20180613

Functional status and CD4 count of patients living with HIV AIDS attending ART centre at tertiary care hospital of central India

Rushali Rajan Lilare, Uday Wasudeorao Narlawar, Ganpat Mirdude

Abstract


Background: The present study was retrospective record based, conducted with the aim of assessing the functional status and CD4 count of patients living with HIV/AIDS attending the ART Centre in special reference to gender difference at tertiary care hospital of central India.

Methods: Study subjects were people living with HIV/AIDS registered at ART centre at tertiary care hospital of central India in the past three years (1 Jan. 2011 to 31 Dec. 2013). The study duration was from September 2013 to January 2015. This study was conducted on 2042 PLHIV subjects whose records were available for study.

Results: In our study there were 58.37% males, 42.4% female and 0.15% transgender. Majority of male 42.45% were between 35-44 years of age group whereas 36.95% females were between 25-34years of age group. Majority of males 22.16% were non agricultural labourer whereas females 78.32% were homemaker. Majority of males 37.41% were in the WHO clinical stage 3 whereas majority of females 36.70% were in stage 1 at the start of ART treatment. About 84.30% females and 76.9% male were working at the start of ART. Majority of males 31.12% and 38.79% had CD4 count between 51-150 at the time of ART registration and at the time of ART treatment respectively. Majority of males 42.62% and 29.34% had CD4 count >350 and between151-250 respectively. About 16.53 % males and 8.97% female were died at the time of data collection.

Conclusions: In the study there were male preponderance with 75.26% males and 57.39% females were having CD4 count less than350/cumm at the time of registration respectively. Majority of our study subjects were working at the time of start of ART. The deaths among males were significantly more as compared to females.


Keywords


ART, CD4 count, Functional Status, Gender difference, HIV

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