Demographic characters and factors favouring emergence of diabetes mellitus type two

Medha Mathur, Navgeet Mathur, Omveer Singh, Jitendra Solanki, Pradeep Soni, Ashutosh Sarwa, Sawai Khatri, Yashpal Singh, Vinod Sharma


Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. It has various complications. Risk factor control is effective way of prevention. Current study was conducted to know demographic profile including risk factors related to diabetes mellitus in patients attending a tertiary health care institute of Rajasthan.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted for the duration of six months. In the study 623 diabetes mellitus type 2 patients were included and subjected to evaluation of various demographic parameters and risk factors like age, sex, economic status, area of residence, obesity, hypertension (HTN), lack of exercise, smoking, dyslipidemia and positive family history.

Results: Mean age of diabetic population was 62 years. Male-female, urban-rural ratios were nearly 1:1 and 3:2 respectively. Nearly 7 % patients were found to be below poverty line (BPL). On risk factor evaluation of 623 diabetic patients it was found that 598 (96%) patients had lack of exercise, 406 (65.2%) patients had age more than 60 years, 394 (63.2%) patients had dyslipidemia, 210 (33.7%) patients were smoker as per the mentioned criteria, 144 (23.1%) patients were obese, 118 (19%) patients had HTN before emergence of DM and 90 (14.4%) patients had positive family history.

Conclusions: High prevalence of risk factors in Indian community is alarming. Health education, promotion of exercise, favourable life style, dietary modification, cessation of smoking, screening programmes for early detection of derange blood pressure, blood sugar, lipid profile can be effective prevention strategies.


Diabetes Mellitus, Demographic characters, Risk factors

Full Text:



International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetic Atlas 8th Edition. Available at Accessed 5 December, 2017.

Rawat N, Mathur N, Harikrishnan R, Choudhary J, Rawat K, Mathur M. A study of correlation of serum ferritin with glycated haemoglobin in diabetes mellitus type 2 patients: a case control study. Asian Pac J Health Sci. 2016;3(4):83-8.

Solanki N, Amrit V, Gupta BP, Singh J. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Diabetes Mellitus among Adults residing in Field Practice Area of a Teaching Hospital in Punjab. Healthline J. 2015;6(1):57-62.

Gupta SK, Singh Z, Purty AJ, Kar M, Vedapriya DR, Mahajan P, et al. Diabetes prevalence and its risk factors in rural area of Tamil Nadu. Ind J Comm Med: official publication Ind Assoc Preventive Social Medicine. 2010;35(3):396.

Farooq F, Irfan, Biradar AB, Iti JL. Analytical study of associated risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Inter J Biomed Adv Res. 2015;6(02):128-132.

Muhammad SK, Prasanth NV, Dilip C, Danisha P, Abid Z, Seena. Assessment of risk factors among type 2 diabetic populations in South Malabar region of Kerala. Arch Applied Sci Res. 2010;2(4):313-23.

Dasappa H, Fathima FN, Prabhakar R, Sarin S. Prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes and assessments of their risk factors in urban slums of Bangalore. J Family Med Prim Care. 2015;4:399-404.

Chang SA. Smoking and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Metab J. 2012;36(6):399-403.

National Institutes of Health. Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blook Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III). National Institues of Health; 2002. NIH Pub. Available at: Accessed on 30th November, 2017.

Ahasan HN, Islam MZ, Alam MB, Miah MT, Nur Z, Mohammed FR, et al. Prevalence and risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus among Secretariat employees of Bangladesh. J Med. 2011;12(2):125-30.

Megerssa YC, Gebre MW, Birru SK, Goshu AR, Tesfaye DY. Prevalence of Undiagnosed Diabetes Mellitus and its Risk Factors in Selected Institutions at Bishoftu Town, East Shoa, Ethiopia. J Diabetes Metab. 2013;12:008.

Chege MP. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus among patients attending a rural Kenyan hospital. Afr J Prm Health Care Fam Med. 2010;2(1):1-5.

Arosemena CM, Sánchez AJ, Tettamanti MD, Vasquez CD, Chang A. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Poorly Controlled Diabetes Mellitus in a Clinical Setting in Guayaquil, Ecuador: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int J Diabetes Clin Res. 2015;2:034.

Mathur N, Mathur M. A study of risk factors related to coronary vascular disease among patients attending a tertiary health care institute of Rajasthan. Inter J Sci Res. 2017;6(12):112-3.

Mathur M, Mathur N. Stroke: Risk factors evaluation in patients attending a tertiary health care institute of Rajasthan. Paripex Ind J Res. 2017;6(12):1-3.