A descriptive study on correlates of stress and coping in relation to demographic variables in retirees of Kashmir valley

Ifshana Iliyas, Shabir Ahmad Dar, Tabasum Dilawar, Temheeda Rahman


Background: As age develops in employees, they have to get retirement from job permanently or they have to reach their retirement period. Studies on adjustment at retirement report that one-thirds of adults report significant difficulty during this process. This study was carried out to correlate stress and coping among old age retirees in relation to sociodemographic variables.

Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted among 100 retirees of district Srinagar between June 2015 and June 2016, using a semi-structured questionnaire. Levels of Stress among elderly retirees and their coping were assessed. Correlates of stress and coping were assessed with respect to different sociodemographic variables.

Results: Nearly 40% of cases had moderate level, 03% had severe level, 04% had extremely severe level, and around 35% had no stress. Majority of retired employees 85% either used average level, or used good level of coping with a minority 10% using low level of coping. There was a significant positive correlation between the stress and gender, stress and education and stress and years of experience. However there was statistically no significance between coping and demographic variables.

Conclusions: There is a need for organized family and social support to improve the physical and psychological health of elderly.


Aging, Coping, Demographic variables and correlation, Retirees, Stress

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