Studying of heart diseases prevalence, distribution and cofactors in Sudanese population


  • M. A. Ali Omer Department of Radiologic Technology, College of Applied Medical Science, Qassim University, Buraidah
  • Mohamed E. M. Gar-elnabi College of Medical Radiologic Science, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum
  • Abdulrahman A. Alsayyari Department of Radiologic Technology, College of Applied Medical Science, Qassim University, Buraidah
  • Jamal H. Yousuf College of Medical Radiologic Science, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum
  • Mohammed F. Mohammed Department of Radiologic Technology, College of Applied Medical Science, Qassim University, Buraidah



Cardiac, Diseases, Prevalence, Distribution, Endemic


Background: the following study aimed to reveals the heart diseases (HD) prevalence, distribution and co-factors in Sudanese population during June 2014-June 2015 and to answer the questions related to, in Sudan.

Methods: The data collected from different hospitals as gender, age, body mass index BMI, smoking habits, residential states, Pathologies, cardiothoracic ratio CCT, symptoms and breathing rate.

Results: showed that HD were predominant among male with 56% and peaked among 65-77 year old, most of sample were either obese or overweight   representing 57% or 35% respectively. The common cofactors for HD were the socio-economic, smoking, hypertension and obesity which representing 90%, 75%, 60% and 57% respectively. The heart diseases HD incidence in Khartoum, Aljazeera, White Nile, Red Sea, and West of Sudan was 40%, 25%, 20%, 10% and 5% respectively. The common type of HD was Coronary Arteries, Valves, Myocardial infarction, and Congestive Heart Failure representing 45%, 17%, 23%, and 15% respectively. And signs were Hypertension, Diabetes mellitus, High Cholesterol, breathing rate, edema, palpitation with relative frequencies 9%, 11%, 6%, 12%, 8% and 10% respectively. Patients’ cardiothoracic ratio CTR exceeding normal level (0.5), A significant relationship between CTR and Breathing rate (BR) (R2 = 0.8) fits in CTR=0.02BR+0.2 as well between age and BR (R2) fits in BR=0.21age + 12.84. And all patients had BR exceeding the adult normal range (12-20).

Conclusions: HD could be as endemic to increase mortality following the uneasy avoidable cofactors in the nearest future.



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How to Cite

Omer, M. A. A., Gar-elnabi, M. E. M., Alsayyari, A. A., Yousuf, J. H., & Mohammed, M. F. (2016). Studying of heart diseases prevalence, distribution and cofactors in Sudanese population. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 4(1), 206–211.



Original Research Articles