DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20182282

Use of social networking sites (SNS), social integration and social support in Indian medical students: a cross sectional investigation

Deoraj Sinha, Suyog V. Jaiswal

Abstract


Background: Internet mainstreamed virtual socialization on social networking sites (SNS). Social relationship variables are linked to health. We investigated the social relationship variables and SNS use among medical students.

Methods: After institutional ethics committee approval, we invited 150 random undergraduate medical students and 150 postgraduate resident doctors from a medical college. Regular SNS users were included and those suffering from any psychiatric or chronic medical condition were excluded from the study. Of all the invited individuals, 104 undergraduates (56 females and 48 males) and 103 postgraduates (50 females and 53 males) consented for study.

Results: Facebook was the most commonly and regularly used SNS in our study sample. Daily average time spent by participants on SNS was 40 minutes. Mean number of SNS friends of undergraduates was 150 and of postgraduates was 143. Undergraduate medical students reported an average of 49 friends living locally and 74 friends living at a distance; postgraduate resident doctors reported average 80 friends living locally and 325 friends living at a distance. Undergraduates sought attention more frequently than postgraduates by posting photos to SNS. Postgraduates had their recreation and academics were more affected due to SNS than undergraduates. Number of SNS friends had no association with social integration, social support or social stress.

Conclusions: SNS may hamper the curricular as well as recreational activities of medicos, especially postgraduate resident doctors. The number of SNS friends is independent of a medico’s social integration and may not be associated with social support and social stress.


Keywords


Medical students, Social networking sites (SNS), Social integration, Social support

Full Text:

PDF

References


Budden CB, Anthony JF, Budden MC, Jones MA. Managing the evolution of a revolution: Marketing implications of Internet media usage among college students. Coll Teach Methods Styles J. 2007;3:5-10.

Internet live stats. Internet Users. Available at: http://www.internetlivestats.com/internet-users/. Accessed on 15 March 2018.

Boyd DM, Ellison NB. Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship. J Comput Commu. 2008;13:210-30.

Weisskirch RS, Murphy LC. Friends, porn, and punk: Sensation seeking in personal relationships, Internet activities, and music preference among college students. Adolescence. 2004;39:189.

Howard PEN, Rainie L, Jones S. Days and nights on the Internet: The impact of a diffusing technology. Am Behav Sci. 2001;45:383-404.

Roblyer MD, McDaniel M, Webb M, Herman J, Witty JV. Findings on Facebook in higher education: A comparison of college faculty and student uses and perceptions of social networking sites. Internet High Edu. 2010;13:134-40.

Erfanian M, Javadinia SA, Abedini M, Bijari B. Iranian students and social networking sites: Prevalence and pattern of usage. Procedia-Social Behav Sci. 2013;83:44-6.

George DR, Dellasega C. Use of social media in graduate-level medical humanities education: two pilot studies from Penn State College of Medicine. Med Teach. 2011;33:e429-34.

Cohen S. Social relationships and health. Am Psychol. 2004;59:676.

Cohen S, Brissette I, Skoner DP, Doyle WJ. Social integration and health: The case of the common cold. J Soc Struct. 2000;1:1-7.

Cohen S, Janicki-Deverts D. Can we improve our physical health by altering our social networks? Perspect Psychol Sci. 2009;4:375-78.

Brissette I, Cohen S, Seeman TE. Measuring social integration and social networks. Soc Support Meas Interv A Guid Heal Soc Sci. 2000;:53-85.

Weiser EB. Gender Differences in Internet Use Patterns and Internet Application Preferences: A Two-Sample Comparison. CyberPsychology Behav. 2000;3:167-78.

Acquisti A, Gross R. Imagined communities: Awareness, information sharing, and privacy on the Facebook. In: International workshop on privacy enhancing technologies. Springer. 2006:36-58.

Saini VK, Baniya GC, Verma KK, Soni A, Kesharwani SK. A study on relationship of facebook and game addictive behaviour with personality traits among medical students. Int J Res Med Sci 2017;4:3492-97.

Subrahmanyam K, Greenfield P. Online communication and adolescent relationships. Futur Child. 2008;18:119-46.

Wilson RE, Gosling SD, Graham LT. A review of Facebook research in the social sciences. Perspect Psychol Sci. 2012;7:203-20.

Ellison NB, Steinfield C, Lampe C. The benefits of Facebook ‘friends:’ Social capital and college students’ use of online social network sites. J Comput Commun. 2007;12:1143-68.

Turkle S. Reclaiming conversation: The power of talk in a digital age. Penguin; 2016.

Turkle S. Alone together: Why we expect more from technology and less from each other. Hachette UK;2017.

Andreassen CS, Torsheim T, Brunborg GS, Pallesen S. Development of a Facebook addiction scale. Psychol Rep. 2012;110:501-17.

Block JJ. Issues for DSM-V: internet addiction. Am J Psychiatry. 2008;165:306.

Wolniczak I, Caceres-DelAguila JA, Palma-Ardiles G, Arroyo KJ, Solís-Visscher R, Paredes-Yauri S, et al. Association between Facebook dependence and poor sleep quality: a study in a sample of undergraduate students in Peru. PLoS One. 2013;8:e59087.

Elphinston RA, Noller P. Time to face it! Facebook intrusion and the implications for romantic jealousy and relationship satisfaction. Cyberpsychology, Behav Soc Netw. 2011;14:631-35.

Riva G, Wiederhold BK, Cipresso P. Psychology of social media: From technology to identity. Psychol Soc Netw Pers Exp Online Communities; Riva, G, Wiederhold, BK, Cipresso, P, Eds;2016:1-11.

Baek YM, Bae Y, Jang H. Social and parasocial relationships on social network sites and their differential relationships with users’ psychological well-being. Cyberpsychology, Behav Soc Netw. 2013;16:512-17.

Guo Y, Li Y, Ito N. Exploring the predicted effect of social networking site use on perceived social capital and psychological well-being of Chinese international students in Japan. Cyberpsychology, Behav Soc Netw. 2014;17:52-8.

Nabi RL, Prestin A, So J. Facebook friends with (health) benefits? Exploring social network site use and perceptions of social support, stress, and well-being. Cyberpsychology, Behav Soc Netw. 2013;16:721-27.