DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20181432

Spectrum of uropathogens and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern in diabetes mellitus patients at a tertiary care hospital in Odisha, India

Malati Murmu, Karun Mahesh K. P., Rajesh Kumar Meher, Butungeshwar Pradhan, Ayaskanta Kar, Manoranjan Naik

Abstract


Background: Diabetes Mellitus is the most common endocrine disorder involving almost all systems of body. Untreated or poorly treated Diabetics are susceptible to develop a series of complications responsible for raised morbidity and mortality. Diabetes Mellitus has a number of long term effects on the Genitourinary system. Urinary tract infections have long been recognised as a significant problem in patients with Diabetes Mellitus.

Methods: Prospective observational study. Diabetic patients with culture positive UTI were included. Gestational diabetes, Immunocompromised patients and patients with congenital renal anatomical abnormalities were excluded.

Results: Authors included 211 numbers of culture positive UTI among diabetic patients. Out of which, 65 were male and 146 were female. Maximum number of patients belong to 56-65 years age group. Escherichia coli was the predominant organism isolated. Gram positive organisms showed 100% sensitivity to Vancomycin and Linezolid. Gram negative organisms showed 100% sensitivity to Polymyxin B.

Conclusions: Genitourinary tract infection is not an infrequent complication seen in diabetes patients. Most common causative organism and their antibiotic sensitivity pattern should be done in tertiary care hospital for a better antibiotic policy.


Keywords


Antibiotic sensitivity, Diabetes Mellitus, Urinary tract infection, Uropathogen

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