Published: 2018-05-25

Study of body mass index (BMI) and serum lipid profile of patients at a tertiary hospital: a cross sectional study

Archana ., Vibhuti Agarwal, Naved Ahmad, Akash Gupta


Background: Sedentary lifestyle have an impact on the prevalence and incidence of obesity related disorders and leads to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemias and metabolic disorders that aggravate the risk in the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD).

Methods: In our study, data of 220 subjects belonging to age group of 25 to 55 years were collected. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters. Subjects were categorized into two groups (BMI <25 and BMI ≥25). Serum was separated by centrifuging blood at 3000 rpm for 10 min and analyzed for lipid profile on Erba Chem 7 semi-auto analyzer.

Results: In our present hospital based study we estimated the Lipid Profile in individuals categorized into two groups. (Group 1 BMI <25) and (Group 2 BMI ≥25), We found the values of Triglycerides, LDL and VLDL in Group 1 are lower as compared to Group 2.

Conclusions: Our study showed positive correlation between lipid profile and obesity. Obesity is said to predispose individuals to metabolic syndrome associated diseases.


BMI, Cholesterol, HDL, LDL, Triglycerides, VLDL

Full Text:



Brown WJ, Mishra G, Kenardy J, Dobson A. Relationships between body mass index and well-being in young Australian women. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2000;24(10):1360-8.

Lipid Research Clinic Program. The lipid research clinic coronary primary prevention trial results II. J Am Med Assoc. 1984;251:364-74.

Rodrigues AS, Barbalho SM, Quesada K. Association of blood pressure and biochemical parameters with adiposity in women. Int J Health Sci Res. 2017;7(2):146-52.

Meral G, Uslu A, Yozgatli AU, Akcay F. Association of Body Mass Index and Lipid Profile in Children. Open J Pediatrics. 2015;5(2):141-6.

Ezzati M, Martin H, Skjold S, Vander Hoorn S, Murray CJ. Trends in National and state-Level Obesity in the USA after correction for self-report bias Analysis of Health Surveys. J R Soc Med. 2006;99:250-7.

Garrow JS. Obesity. In: Garrow J, James W, Ralph A. Human Nutrition and Dietics, London, Churchill Livingston, 2000.

Dai S, Eissa MA, Steffen LM, Fulton JE, Harrist RB, Labarthe DR. Clinical Lipidology. 2011;6:235-44.

Kuo JF, Hsieh YT, Mao IC, Lin SD, Tu ST, Hsieh MC. The association between body mass index and all-cause mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a 5.5 year prospective analysis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2015;94(34):e1398.

World Health Organization. Report of a WHO Expert Committee. Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry. Geneva;1995.

Sandhu HS, Koley S, Sandhu KS. A Study of Correlation between Lipid Profile and Body Mass Index (BMI) in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus. J Hum Ecol. 2008;24(3):227-9.

Devi MA, Singh NS, Singh LS. Thyroid Dysfunction in Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Urban Area of Manipur. Int J of Pharmaceutical Sci Invention. 2013;2(10):7-9.

Udiong CEJ, Etukudoh MH, Isong IK, Udoisa EF. Evaluation of BMI and lipids profile in type 2 diabetic subjects with low and raised levels of thyroid hormone in Calabar, Nigeria. J Diabetes Mellitus. 2015;5(4):277-83.

Himabindu Y, Sriharibabu M, Alekhya K, Saisumanth K, Lakshmanrao N, Komali K. Correlations between anthropometry and lipid profile in type 2 diabetics. Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2013;17(4):727-9.

Ugwuja EI, Ogbonna NC, Nwibo AN, Onimawo IA. Overweight and obesity, lipid profile and Artherogenic indices among civil servants in Abakaliki, south Eastern Nigeria. Annals of Med and Hea Sci Res. 2013;1(1):1-18.

Ali ZU, Al-Zaidi MS. The association between body mass index, lipid profile and serum estradiol levels in a sample of raqi diabetic premenopausal women. Oman Medical J. 2011;26(4):263-66.