Awareness of occupational hazards and utilization of PPE amongst welders in Jos metropolis, Nigeria
Keywords:Awareness, Occupational hazards, Occupational health problems, PPE, Welders
Background: Welding poses a range of both well-known and subtle hazards to health and safety. These hazards can act quickly or may show up only in the long term. They can be rapidly fatal (electric shock or exposure to cadmium fumes) or have delayed effects (lung changes over time). This study aimed to assess the awareness of occupational hazards and utilization of PPE amongst welders in Jos metropolis.
Methods: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study involving 295 welders in Jos metropolis. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data which was entered and analyzed using Epi-info version 3.5.4 statistical software. A probability value of p≤0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: All the respondents were males with a mean age of 24.6±7.7 years. The study revealed that 293 (99.3%) were aware of occupational hazards in welding. In this study, goggles were the most frequently used PPE 98%, then gloves 65.4%, boots 58%, overalls 36.3%, facemask 30.6% and earplugs 12.9%. A statistically significant (p≤0.05) relationship was found between employment pattern as well as working hours per day and the use of safety devices.
Conclusions: The study showed that most of the welders had fair knowledge of welding related health problems, hazards and safety devices, and utilization of safety devices was less than optimal. An educational campaign on workplace hazards, types and proper use of different personal protective devices should be instituted for welders on a regular basis by the welders association, local and state government.
Bhumika TV, Megha T, Richa J, Prachi P, Eti R. Occupational injuries and safety measures adopted by welding workers, a cross sectional study in South India. Global J Med Pub Heal. 2014;3(5).
Health and Safety Executive. Top health hazards facing welders. 2017. Available from: http://www.hse.gov.uk/welding/illness. Accessed on June 4, 2017.
Ekpo AH. The informal sector. 2012. Available from: http://www.onlinenigeria.com. Accessed on June 4, 2017.
The Department of Labour Wellington, New Zealand (2006). Health and safety in welding. Available from: http://worksafe.govt.nz. Accessed on May 27, 2017.
Erdal S, Berman L. Occupational exposure environment, risk factors and hazards awareness of metal sculptors and artist welders in the U.S. 2008. Available from: http://www.cieh.org. Accessed June 9, 2017.
Twinn S, Roberts B, Andrew S. Community health care nursing principles for practice. Nursing standard. 1996;11(1):24-5.
Welding hazards AFSCME factsheet 2011. Available from http://www.afscme.org. Accessed on 20 May, 2017.
Adelani I, Adewale A, Oladeji MO, Bello YA. Assessment of the use of safety devices by welders in Nigeria. Inter J Sci Res. 2014;5(2):397-402.
Ganesh K, Dharanipriya A, Kar SS. Awareness of occupational injuries and utilization of safety measures among welders in coastal South India. International J Occupational Environmental Medicine. 2013;4:172-7.
Sabitu K, Iliyasu Z, and Dauda M. Awareness of occupational hazards and utilization of safety measures among welders in Kaduna Metropolis, Northern Nigeria. Ann Afr Med. 2009;8(1):46-51.
National Population Commission. Report on the census 2006 final results. Abuja: Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette. 2009;96:B3.
Ogbonna C. Research Methodology. In: The basics in biostatistics, medical informatics and research methodology. 1st ed. Jos: Yakson Press. 2014:227.
Ajayi IA, Adeoye AO, Onakpoya OH, Omotoye OJ. Awareness of occupational hazards and utilization of protective devices among welders in Ile-Ife. Annals of African Medicine. 2011;10(4):294-9.
Adewoye KR, Awoyemi AO, Ibirongbe DO, Babatunde OA, Ibrahim T. Knowledge on the health effects of welding smoke, use of PPE among electric arc welders in Ilorin South, North Central Nigeria. J Asian Sci Res. 2013;3(9):924-32.
Isah EC, Okojie OH. Occupational health problems of welders in Benin City, Nigeria. J Biomed Sci. 2006;5(1):64-9.
Tadesse S, Bezabih K, Destaw B, Assefa Y. Awareness of occupational hazards and associated factors among welders in Lideta sub-city, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. J Occupational Medicine Toxicology. 2016;11:15-21.