DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20182818

Assessment of micronutrient status during pregnancy attending at Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India

Prashant Tripathi, Yashwant Rao, Tanu Midha, Malvika Mishra

Abstract


Background: This impression of multiple micronutrients during pregnancy emphasizes to relatively neglected issues. Objectives was to evaluate the status and benefits of multiple micronutrient during pregnancy.

Methods: Total 180 healthy pregnant women were included, first trimester 60 cases, second trimester 60 cases and third trimester 60 cases in the age group of 18-40 years. Haemoglobin was estimated by cyanmethemoglobin method, estimation of iron was done by ferrozine method, for zinc colorimetric method, estimation of calcium OCPC method and estimation of urinary iodine was done by ammonium persulfate oxidation method.

Results: Haemoglobin are found to be in the Ist trimester 11.3g/dl, in the IInd trimester of haemoglobin 10.5g/dl, and in the IIIrd trimester it was 11g/dl and Serum iron was 71.9ug/dl in Ist trimester, 74.8 ug/dl during IInd trimester, 80.9ug/dl in IIIrd trimester. The mean serum calcium during Ist trimester was found to be 8.0 ug/dl, in the IInd trimester 7.2 ug/dl and in the IIIrd trimester 8.1ug/dl. Serum zinc in the Ist trimester 72.6 ug/dl, in the IInd trimester 70.1ug/dl, in the IIIrd trimester 66.7 ug/dl respectively. Iodine level during Ist, IInd, IIIrd trimester was found to be 122.5ug/dl, 149.1ug/d, 158.7ug/dl respectively.

Conclusions: Our study shows that poor nutrition during pregnancy has been associated with adverse maternal and child outcomes such as increased risks of infertility, abortion, fetal intrauterine growth restriction and prenatal mortality.


Keywords


Calcium, Haemoglobin, Iron, Iodine, Micronutrients, Pregnancy, Zinc

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