Published: 2018-06-25

A study to assess body mass index and pattern of physical activity among the government employees working at different organizations of Gwalior city

Rakesh Kumar Mahore, Ranjana Tiwari, Manoj Bansal, Rajesh Gupta, Vikash Sharma, Sakshi Tiwari


Background: The obesity can be defined simply as the disease in which excess body fat has accumulated to such an extent that health may be adversely affected. Physical activity is a key determinant of energy expenditure, and thus is fundamental to energy balance and weight control. Aims and objectives was to assess the BMI and physical activity among government employees working in different organizations of Gwalior city.

Methods: The present study was a cross sectional study. Five different government organizations were selected and from each organization 60 participants were selected randomly. A pre-designed, pre-tested, semi-structured interview based questionnaire was used for data collection from different participants. WHO BMI classification was used to classify participants.

Results: In the present study 44% of the study participants were overweight/ pre-obese while 8.33% and 1.33% were in Obese Class I and Obese Class II respectively. 40.67% were doing physical exercise. The most common type of physical exercise was walking or jogging 72.13%.

Conclusions: It was concluded that despite the known fact that obesity could have negative impact on the work capacity and physical fitness, only 40.67% were doing some physical exercise. Employees should be motivated to do daily exercise for the duration of at least 30 minutes.


BMI, Government, Physical activity, Obesity, Overweight

Full Text:



World Health Organization. Expert committee: physical status, the use and interpretation of anthropometry. Report of a WHO expert committee technical report series 854, WHO Geneva, 1995.

Bakari AG, Onyemelukwe GC, Sani BG, Aliyu IS, Hassan SS, Aliyu TM. Obesity overweight and underweight in suburban northern Nigeria. International J Diab Meta. 2007;15(2):68.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Obesity among adults in the United States; No statistically change since 2003-2004. November 2007. Available from: /databrief/db01.pdf.

World Health Assembly Resolution WHA 57.17. World Health Organization. Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health, 2004.

Ng SW, Popkin BM. Time use and physical activity: A shift away from movement across the globe. Obes Rev. 2012;13:659-80.

Blair SN, Brodney S. Effects of physical inactivity and obesity on morbidity and mortality: Current evidence and research issues. Med Sci Sports Exer. 1999;31(11 Suppl):S646-62.

Lee IM, Paffenbarger RS Jr. Associations of light, moderate, and vigorous intensity physical activity with longevity. The Harvard Alumni Health Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2000;151:293-9.

Leon AS, Connett J, Jacobs DR Jr, Rauramaa R. Leisure-time physical activity levels and risk of coronary heart disease and death. The Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial. JAMA. 1987;258:2388-95.

World Health Organization. The world health report 2002: reducing risks, promoting healthy life. World Health Organization; 2002.

Sahebi R, Sayyedi M, Sahebi L, Rajab nezhad MR. Epidemiology of overweight and obesity among the workers of Shiraz Hospitals. Indian J Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences. 2014;4(2):177-84.

Khan A, Khan Afridi A, Safdar M. Prevalence of obesity in the employees of universities, health and research institutions of Peshawar. Pakistan J Nutrition. 2003:2(3);182-8.

Addo PNO, Nyarko KM, Sackey AO, Akweongo P, Sarfo B. Prevalence of obesity and overweight and associated factors among financial institution workers in Accra Metropolis, Ghana: A cross sectional study. BMC Research Notes. 2015(8):599.