DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20182428

Demographic and clinic-angiographic profile of coronary artery disease in young adults: a retrospective observational study

Lalatendu Swain, Prabhat Nalini Routray

Abstract


Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and its complications are on an increased trend in the younger age group. In this study we aimed to identify the different risk factor profile and coronary angiographic characteristics of young adults presenting with coronary artery disease.

Methods: We conducted this retrospective observational study at SCB MC and H and Ashwini Hospital, Cuttack, Odisha, India over a period of one year from June 2016 to June 2017 on 170 patients who undergone coronary angiogram. Inclusion criteria being patients admitted for STEMI, NSTEMI, or UA, age <40 years and those who underwent coronary angiography. All patients who underwent coronary angiography for surgical fitness e.g., patients of rheumatic heart disease and congenital heart disease were excluded from the study.

Results: Among the 150 cases included in the study, 85.3%were males and 14.7% were females. Maximum number of cases i.e. 71.3% were in the age group 36-40 yr, while 23.3% were between 31-35 and 5.4% were between 25-30 age group. Among 150 cases with critical CAD, SVD was most prevalent seen in 68.7% cases, followed by DVD in 22.6% and TVD in 8.7% cases.

Conclusions: Incidence of critical CAD in young adults is quite high. Young patients with CAD are mainly males, and SVD is more common. Comparative analysis of young patients with STEMI and NTEMI/ UA revealed that SVD was predominantly involved in STEMI group, whereas TVD was predominant in NSTEMI/UA group.


Keywords


Coronary artery disease, Coronary angiography, Young adults

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