DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20160288

Assessment of glycemic status and BMI of resident and non - resident female students of Jessore University of science and technology, Bangladesh

Ziaul Amin, Papia Sultana, Rifat Sultana, S.M. Khaledur Rahman, A. M. Swaraz

Abstract


Background: Glycemic status means blood glucose level in an individual is measure by using the term hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia. Hyperglycemia is a condition in which an excessive amount of glucose circulates in the blood plasma whereas hypoglycemia is below normal level of glucose in blood.  Abnormal Glycemic status develops various short as well as long term health complications. Constant monitoring of health status of an individual’s is important in maintaining good glycemic status in preventing development of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia related complication.

Methods: Female students ages 20 – 23 of hall resident and non resident of Jessore University of Science and Technology were randomly selected. Fasting blood glucose data and Body Mass Index (BMI) were collected on the basis of family status, income and eating pattern, family environments using standard laboratory procedures.

Results: The study found that 68% resident students were in hypoglycemic whereas 60% nonresident female students were in hypoglycemic but hyperglycemic and acute hyperglycemic effect was totally absent in both group of students. Differences of BMI irregularities of both groups of students were not observed. Most of residential students (88%) were only depends on the provided food in the dining hall. Whereas nonresident students majority of them are belonged to upper middle class, living in their own house and their eating patterns were better than residential female students. Therefore, most of the nonresident female students are able to intake nutritious foods. As a result the hypoglycemic students were found less abundant in nonresidential student compared to the resident group. Therefore dieting habit is one of the most important reasons to develop irregular glycemic status.

Conclusions: The need of awareness of good health care practice, intake good quality nutritious diet, avoid of abnormal dieting practice is prerequisite to maintain static glycemic status which directly linked to good health.


Keywords


Glycemic status, BMI, Hal resident and nonresident, Blood glucose and socioeconomic status

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