Screening of gestational diabetes mellitus in antenatal women using DIPSI guidelines
Keywords:Gestational diabetes mellitus, DIPSI
Background: GDM is associated with serious maternal as well as fetal complications, which can be prevented by early detection & prompt treatment. There is need of universal screening of all Indian pregnant women for GDM using simple & economical screening criteria. This study uses single step OGTT as per DIPSI guidelines to find out prevalence of GDM in pregnant women attending antenatal OPD.
Methods: All the antenatal patients at 24-28 weeks of gestation (n = 352), attending Antenatal OPD, irrespective of their prandial state were given 75 gm glucose and venous blood samples were collected after 2 hours of oral glucose. A report of ≥140 mg% were labeled as GDM as per DIPSI guidelines.
Results: Out of 506 subjects screened, 33 (6.52 %) were positive for GDM.
Conclusions: Low prevalence of GDM may be because of less sensitivity of DIPSI criteria.
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