DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20183637

A study of knowledge, attitude and practice in diabetic retinopathy among patients attending a primary health care centre

Malavika Geethadevi, Bindu Thampi, Joosadima Antony, Remya Raghavan, Rekha R. Sasidharan, Ajith Mohan

Abstract


Background: Diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of preventable blindness. Sufficient knowledge about the disease can prevent sight threatening complications. Aim of this study is to evaluate the knowledge and its influence on attitude and practice in diabetic retinopathy among patients attending a primary health centre.

Methods: A knowledge attitude practice questionnaire was prepared and pretested in a sample group of representative population. The response was analyzed as to whether the questions were understood or not. Social workers were trained in administering questionnaire. Diabetic patients were given questionnaires at primary health centre and filled in the presence of social workers.

Results: Out of 324 patients 60.8% had no knowledge of diabetic retinopathy compared to 39.19% who had knowledge (p <0.001). Knowledge was more in age <40 years (82.60%) and least in 51-60 years (29.34%) (p<0.001) and more among females (38.59%) than males (61.4%). Knowledge was significantly higher among upper socioeconomic group (77.8%). About 83.46% in knowledge group had right attitude which was significantly higher than non knowledge group (32.48%) (p<0.001).  42.51% in knowledge group had practice of visiting ophthalmologist for eye check-up which was significantly higher than non knowledge group (13.19%) (p<0.001).

Conclusions: The attitude and practice of diabetic retinopathy was statistically significant in knowledge group compared to those who had no knowledge of diabetic retinopathy. Improving knowledge about diabetic retinopathy through awareness campaigns can increase attitude and practice. Early detection can help in preventing sight threatening complications of diabetic retinopathy.


Keywords


Attitude, Diabetic retinopathy, Knowledge, Practice, Primary health centre

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