Evaluation of some minerals in cord blood from tribal and nontribal population of Udaipur region


  • Suman Jain Department of Biochemistry, Pacific Institute of Medical Sciences, Udaipur, Rajasthan
  • Achleswar Prasad Gupta Department of Pediatric, Pacific Institute of Medical Sciences, Udaipur, Rajasthan




Cord blood, Calcium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg), Iron (Fe), Phosphorus (P), Tribal


Background: Vitamins and minerals collectively referred to as micronutrients have important influence on the health of pregnant women and the growing foetus. (1) Pregnancy is related to increase demand of all nutrients and deficiency any of these can affect pregnancy, delivery and outcome of pregnancy. (2) Disorders in mineral element nutrition and metabolism can lead to wide variety of malformations. Data on mineral values in newborn are very less in contrast to adult hence the present study was planned to analyse some of minerals in the umbilical cord blood of tribal and nontribal population and compare them gender wise.

Methods: Our study group consisted of 200 healthy full term newborn. The cord blood was collected immediately after a normal delivery to estimate calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus and Iron.

Results: The results showed that the levels of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and iron were higher in non-tribal population than Tribal ones. The levels of calcium and iron were higher in female nontribal neonates as compared to male non-tribal neonates. Calcium was statistically significant (p=0.04) when compared with male and female non-tribal neonates. The trend showed increase levels of calcium, magnesium and phosphorus in females of tribal population than cord blood of male tribal neonates.

Conclusions: The result shows that tribal and non-tribal population, also female and male neonates have genetic variation and difference in mineral metabolism.


Black RE. Micronutrients in pregnancy. Br J Nutr. 2001;85:193S-197S.

Naeye R, Blanc W, Paul C. Affects of maternal nutrition on human fetus. Pediatr. 1973;52:494-503.

MC Millan GC. Development of atherosclerosis. Am J cardiol. 1973;31:542-6.

World Health Organisation. The prevalence of anemia in women: a tabulation of available information. 2nd ed. Geneva: WHO. 1992.

Deshpande N, Patil L, Despande S, Chavan S. Study of ionic calcium in maternal and cord blood and baby’s blood at 48-h age. Med J Dy Patil Univ. 2014;7:152-5.

AI Ghadi SMG, Cameron EC, Sutton RAL. Magnesium deficiency. Pathophysiologyic and clinical overview. Am J Kidney Dis. 1994;24:737-52.

Bastida S, Vaquero MP, Veldhuizen M, Sanchez- Muniz FJ. Selected trace elements and minerals in cord blood: association with lipids and lipoproteins at birth. Acta Paediatr. 2000;89:1201-6.

Wu AHB. Teitz clinical guide to laboratory tests, 4th ed. St. Louis (MO): Saunders Elsevier. 2006:202-7.

Mann CK, Yoe JH. Spectophotometric determination of magnesium with 1-azo-2 hydroxy-3- (2,4-dimethy carboannilido)- naphalene-1’-(2-hydroxy- benzene-5- sulphonate) Anal chem. 1956;28:202-5.

Tietz NW, Rinker AD, Morrison SR. When is a serum iron really a serum iron? A follow up study on the status of iron measurements in serum. Clin Chem. 1996;42:109-11.

Henry R ed. Clinical chemistry: Principles and technics, 2nd ed Newyork. Harper and row. 1974;723.

Jaime-Perez JC, Gomez-Almaguer D. Iron stores in low-income pregnant Mexican women at term. Arch Med Res. 2002;33:81-4.

Lechtig A. Effects of maternal nutrition on infant health. Implication for action. Nutr Planning. 1980;3:1-13.

Jacobson HN. Weight and weight gain in pregnancy. In: Barness LA, PitKin RM, eds. Clinics in perinatology. Philadelphia: W B Saunders. 1975;233-6.




How to Cite

Jain, S., & Gupta, A. P. (2016). Evaluation of some minerals in cord blood from tribal and nontribal population of Udaipur region. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 4(2), 495–498. https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20160303



Original Research Articles