Evaluation of some minerals in cord blood from tribal and nontribal population of Udaipur region
Keywords:Cord blood, Calcium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg), Iron (Fe), Phosphorus (P), Tribal
Background: Vitamins and minerals collectively referred to as micronutrients have important influence on the health of pregnant women and the growing foetus. (1) Pregnancy is related to increase demand of all nutrients and deficiency any of these can affect pregnancy, delivery and outcome of pregnancy. (2) Disorders in mineral element nutrition and metabolism can lead to wide variety of malformations. Data on mineral values in newborn are very less in contrast to adult hence the present study was planned to analyse some of minerals in the umbilical cord blood of tribal and nontribal population and compare them gender wise.
Methods: Our study group consisted of 200 healthy full term newborn. The cord blood was collected immediately after a normal delivery to estimate calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus and Iron.
Results: The results showed that the levels of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and iron were higher in non-tribal population than Tribal ones. The levels of calcium and iron were higher in female nontribal neonates as compared to male non-tribal neonates. Calcium was statistically significant (p=0.04) when compared with male and female non-tribal neonates. The trend showed increase levels of calcium, magnesium and phosphorus in females of tribal population than cord blood of male tribal neonates.
Conclusions: The result shows that tribal and non-tribal population, also female and male neonates have genetic variation and difference in mineral metabolism.
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