Morphometry of the adult human dry hip bone in Kashmiri population
Keywords:Coxal index, Hip bone, Morphometry
Background: The distinctive morphology of the human hip bone makes it of interest from anatomical, anthropological and forensic point of view. Thus, by using visual criteria, metric techniques and discriminant function analysis we can estimate the age, sex and race of an individual. Objective was to do the morphometry of 60 dry human hip bones in Kashmiri population in order to evaluate the various parameters of the hip bone.
Methods: The study was done on 60 randomly collected Kashmiri adult unpaired hip bones of unknown sex to analyse and evaluate the weight, length, width and the Coxal index of hip bone. All the hip bones selected were dry, complete and showed normal anatomical features. Specimens showing osteoarthritic changes, evidence of any previous trauma or skeletal disorders was excluded from the study.
Results: The raw data obtained was statistically analysed. Range, mean, standard deviation and standard error of mean were determined for each parameter. All values were compared with series of other workers to draw the conclusions.
Conclusions: From this study, it was concluded that right hip bone has larger parameters and greater strength of skeletal elements. The difference seen between the values of present study and that of other workers could be explained on the basis of ethnic and racial variations.
Rissech C, Estabrook GF, Cunha E, Malgosa A. Estimation of age-at-death for adult males using the acetabulum, applied to four Western European populations. J Forensic Sci. 2007;52:774-8.
Romanes GJ. Cunningham‘s Manual of Practical Anatomy. Volume 1: Upper and Lower Limbs. 15th ed. Hong Kong: Oxford University Press;1993.
Singh S, Raju PB. Identification of sex from the hip bone- demarking points. J Anat Soc India. 1977;26:111-7.
Issac B. Biometry of the posterior border of the human hip bone: normal values and their use in sex determination. J Anat Soc India. 2002;51:43-6.
Pal GP, Bose S, Choudhary S. Reliability of criteria used for sexing of hip bones. J Anat Soc India. 2004;53:58-60.
Asala SA, Mbajiorgu FE, Papandro BA. A comparative study of femoral head diameters and sex differentiation in Nigerians. Acta Anat (Basel). 1998;162:232-7.
Soames RW. Gray's Anatomy of the Human Body. 38th ed. 1995:673-7.
Raju PB, Singh S. Sexual dimorphism in scapula. J Indian Acad Forensic Sci. 1978;17(2):23-33.
Chhibber SR, Singh I. Asymmetry in muscle weight and one side dominance in the human lower limbs. J Anat. 1970;106:553-6.
Singh I. Functional asymmetry in the lower limbs. Acta Anat (Basel). 1970;77:131-8.
Dogra SK, Singh I. Asymmetry in bone weight in the human lower limbs. Anat Anz. 1971;128:278-80.
Trancho GJ, Robledo B, Lopez-Bueis I, Sanchez JA. Sexual determination of the femur using discriminant functions. Analysis of a Spanish population of known sex and age. J Forensic Sci. 1997;42(2):181-5.
Varodompun N, Thinley T, Visutipol B, Ketmalasiri B, Pattarabunjerd N. Correlation between the acetabular diameter and thickness in Thais. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2002;10:41-4.
Msamati BC, Igbigbi PS, Lavy CB. Geometric measurements of the acetabulum in adult Malawians: radiographic study. East Afr Med J. 2003;80:546-9.
Derry DE. On sexual and racial characters of human ilium. J Anat. 1923;58:71-83.
Washburn SL. Sex differences in the pubic bone of Bantu and Bushman. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1949;7:425-32.
Davivongs V. The pelvic girdle of the Australian aborigine; sex differences and sex determination. Am J Phys Anthropol. 1963;21:443-455.
Thomson A. The sexual differences of the foetal pelvis. J Anat Physiol. 1899 Apr;33(Pt 3):359-80.
Garson JG. Pelvimetry. J Anat Physiol. 1881;16:106-34.
Lander KF. The examination of a skeleton of known age, race, and sex. J Anat. 1918;52:282-91.
Maruyama M, Feinberg JR, Capello WN, D’Antonio JA. Morphologic features of the acetabulum and femur. Clin Orthop Rela Res. 2001;393:52-65.
Rosenberg K. A late Pleistocene human skeleton from Liujiang, China suggests regional population variation in sexual dimorphism in the human pelvis. Variability and Evolution. 2002;10:5-17.
Griffith WSA. Naegele pelvis. J Anat Physiol. 1886;21:163-6.
Broad WH. The skeleton of a native Australian. J Anat Physiol. 1902;37:89-96.