DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20160322

Medicine as a career choice: a cross-sectional study on undergraduate medical students at King Abdulaziz University

Nasra N. Ayuob, Abdulrahman Hilmi Sindi, Basem S. ElDeek

Abstract


Background: During the last 15 years large number medical schools have been launched in Saudi Arabia in order to compensate for the shortage of Saudi physicians. Till now the reasons for choosing the medical profession by Saudi students were not thoroughly investigated. This study aimed to investigate the reasons for study medicine at King Abdulaziz University (KAU); and if there is any difference in these reasons between the junior and senior medical student.  Factors helping in profession selection as well as the future specialty selection were also investigated.

Methods: This comparative cross section study was conducted at KAU during the year 2014-2015 using a self-administered questionnaire distributed to all the 2nd and 6th year medical students.

Results: Like to help patients, interest in medical field and being prestigious career were the commonest causes of choosing the medical profession among the 2nd year students and they were significantly rated higher ( 0.031, 0.001, 0.028) in 2nd year students compared to the 6th year. Getting a high GPA was rated significantly higher (p=0.01) by the 6th year students than the 2nd year students. Publications and internet sources was the significant (p=0.001) helpful factors rated by the 2nd year students. Surgery, Pediatric and Internal medicine were the commonest future specialties that had been chosen by both 2nd and 6th year students.

Conclusions: Comprehensive and structured programs directed to the secondary school and preparatory university year students to guide them to the proper career with the highlight of Medicine as one of the profession strongly needed in Saudi Arabia.

 


Keywords


Medical, Career, Choice, Reasons, Students, KAU, Junior, Senior

Full Text:

PDF

References


Keshab M, Ritesh, S, Manna, Kanti C. Why choose medicine as a career: a cross-sectional survey among undergraduate medical students. Asian Journal of Bio-Medical Research. 2015;1(1):1.

Odusanva OO, Alakija W, Akesode FA. Sociodemographic profile and career aspirations of medical students in a new medical school. Niger Postgrad Med J. 2000;7:112-5.

Mukhtar F, Daud S, Hashmi NR, Zaman S, Masood A, Bhatti A. Selection of medical profession by first year medical students. Professional Med J. 2009;16(4):556-63.

Pruthi S, Pandey R, Singh S, Aggarwal A, Ramavat A, Goel A. Why does an undergraduate student choose medicine as a career? Natl Med J India. 2013;26:147-9.

Millan LR, Azevedo RS, Rossi E, De Marco OL, Millan MP, de Arruda PC. What is behind a student's choice for becoming a doctor? Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2005;60(2):143-50.

Bin Abdulrahman K, Gibbs T, Harden R. The medical education journey continues. Med Teach. 2013;35(1):S5-7. doi: 10.3109/0142159X.2013.770828. Epub 2013 Mar 6.

Tekian A, Almazrooa AA. Does Saudi Arabia need an Abraham Flexner? Med Teach. 2011;33(1):72-3. doi: 10.3109/0142159X.2010.528475.

Bin Abdulrahman K. The current status of medical education in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries. Ann Saudi Med. 2008;28(2):83-8.

Alahwal HMS, Al Sayes F, El-deek BS, Kurdi B, Al-Hamayel N, Barefah AS. Career Counseling Activities and Choice of Specialties among Medical Interns. Bahrain Medical Bulletin. 2010;32(4).

Mashat MA, Aboalfaraj NT, Daghistani H, Eldeek BS, Ayuob NN, Alshawa LA. Specialty selection satisfaction and regret among medical school postgraduates and faculty at King Abdulaziz University. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. Int J Res Med Sci. 2015;3(4):899-904.

Al-Maddah EM, Al-Dabal BK, Khalil MS. Prevalence of Sleep Deprivation and Relation with Depressive Symptoms among Medical Residents in King Fahd University Hospital, Saudi Arabia. Sultan QaboosUniv Med J. 2015;15(1):e78-84.

Lal P, Malhotra C, Nath A, Malhotra R, Ingle GK. Career aspirations regarding medical education among first year medical students in Delhi. Indian J Comm Med. 2007;32:217-8.

Labiris G, Vamvakerou V, Tsolakaki O, Giarmoukakis A, Sideroudi H, Kozobolis V. Perceptions of Greek medical students regarding medical profession and the specialty selection process during the economic crisis years. Health Policy. 2014;117:203-9.

AbouZaid LZ, Nabil LM, Al-Fadil SO, Alatmi A, Saeed AA. Career choice and its influencing factors: Perception of senior medical students. J Contemp Med Edu. 2014;2(3):168-73.

Al-Dabal KB. Choosing a Medical Career: What Influences Secondary School Female Graduates? J Family Community Med.1998;5(2):53-9.

Alshahrani M, Dhafery B, Al Mulhim M, Alkhadra F, Al Bagshi D, Bukhamsin N. Factors influencing Saudi medical students and interns’ choice of future specialty: A self-administered questionnaire. Advances in medical education and practice. 2014;5:397-402.

Abu-Rafea BF, Al-Hassan BF, Al Nakshabandi KA, Rahbini NO, Al-Shaikh GK. Factors influencing students' decision in choosing obstetrics and gynecology as a career in a university hospital in Central Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2011;32(7):730-4.