Knowledge and practices in community regarding antibiotic usage


  • Amit Jain Department of Pharmacology, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College, Faridkot, Punjab
  • Shashi Kant Dhir Department of Pediatrics, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College, Faridkot, Punjab
  • Meenal Batta Department of Physiology, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College, Faridkot, Punjab
  • Gaganpreet Singh Department of Community Medicine, Guru Gobind Singh Medical College, Faridkot, Punjab



Antibiotics, Practices, Knowledge


Background: One of the major causes of concern in medical world is rapid development of antibiotic resistance. World Health Organisation started an initiative in 2011 with a policy designed to curb this danger of antibiotic resistance. This study was designed to know the knowledge, attitude and belief of community regarding antibiotic use so that data can be generated in this region for the proper designing and implementation of awareness campaigns for the community.

Methods: A single point cross sectional study was conducted in 1500 adults attending the Out Patient Department of a tertiary care hospital in Northern India. The tool used for the study was a predesigned questionnaire. The data was evaluated using descriptive statistical analysis.

Results: In our study 92.8% participants admitted of having used an antibiotic at any time in their lifetime. The most common reason for use of antibiotics was common cold (36.2%). The most common antibiotic used by the participants was amoxycillin. The most common source of information regarding antibiotics and their use (63.2%) was physicians. 78.6% of the participants believed that they have awareness about rational use of antibiotics. 68.6% respondents were of the view that antibiotics are effective against both viral and bacterial infections. 52.3% of the participants believed antibiotics are not safe to use.

Conclusions: The existence of a significant gap between practice of antibiotic usage and knowledge about their usage was found prevalently in the community. After noting the results of this study it is believed that there is a dire necessity to take steps to curb the menace of rapid development of resistance to antibiotics.



World Health Organisation. Statement by WHO Director-General. 2011. Available at Accessed on 11 January 2016.

McNulty CAM, Boyle P, Nichols T, Clappison P, Davey P. Don’t wears me out--the public’s knowledge of and attitudes to antibiotic use. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2007;59(4):727-38.

You JHS, Yau B, Choi KC, Chau CTS, Huang QR, Lee SS. Public knowledge, attitudes and behavior on antibiotic use: a telephone survey in Hong Kong. Infection. 2008;36(2):153-7.

Godycki-Cwirko M, Cals JWL, Francis N, Verheij T, Butler CC, Goossens H. Public Beliefs on Antibiotics and Symptoms of Respiratory Tract Infections among Rural and Urban Population in Poland: A Questionnaire Study. Plos One. 2014;9(10):e109248.

Mouhieddine TH, Olleik Z, Itani MM, Kawtharani S, Nassar H, Hassoun R. Assessing the Lebanese population for their knowledge, attitudes and practices of antibiotic usage. J Infect Public Health. 2015;8(1):20-31.

Fernandes M, Leite A, Basto M, Nobre MA, Vieira N, Fernandes R. Non-adherence to antibiotic therapy in patients visiting community pharmacies. Int J Clin Pharm. 2014;36(1):86-91.

Pavydė E, Veikutis V, Mačiulienė A, Mačiulis V, Petrikonis K, Stankevičius E. Public Knowledge, Beliefs and Behaviour on Antibiotic Use and Self-Medication in Lithuania. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2015;12(6):7002-16.

Lim KK, Teh CC. A Cross Sectional Study of Public Knowledge and Attitude towards Antibiotics in Putrajaya, Malaysia. South Med Rev. 2012;5(2):26-33.

Widayati A, Suryawati S, de Crespigny C, Hiller JE. Knowledge and beliefs about antibiotics among people in Yogyakarta City Indonesia: a cross sectional population-based survey. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control. 2012;1:38-44.

Ling Oh A, Hassali MA, Al-Haddad MS, Syed Sulaiman SA, Shafie AA, Awaisu A. Public knowledge and attitudes towards antibiotic usage: a cross-sectional study among the general public in the state of Penang, Malaysia. J Infect Dev Ctries. 2011;5(5):338-47.

Kim SS, Moon S, Kim EJ. Public knowledge and attitudes regarding antibiotic use in South Korea. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2011;41(6):742-9.

Hart Research Associate and public opinion strategies. Americans' knowledge of and attitudes towards antibiotic resistance. Chicago: The Pew Health Group. 2012:7.

Barah F, Gonçalves V. Antibiotic use and knowledge in the community in Kalamoon, Syrian Arab Republic: a cross-sectional study. East Mediterr Health J Rev Santé Méditerranée Orient Al-Majallah Al-Ṣiḥḥīyah Li-Sharq Al-Mutawassiṭ. 2010;16(5):516-21.




How to Cite

Jain, A., Dhir, S. K., Batta, M., & Singh, G. (2016). Knowledge and practices in community regarding antibiotic usage. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 4(2), 610–614.



Original Research Articles