Effect of vitamin C on testosterone level, sperm count and sperm morphology in gentamicin-induced Wistar rats

Iis Rahayu, Elly Usman, Mohamad Reza


Background: Gentamicin is an aminoglycoside-class antibiotic that can lead to an increase in ROS and decrease antioxidant reserves that cause destruction of testicular cells that are known to inhibit cell division in testicular germ cells and protein synthesis in the testes as well as affect the production of testosterone that affects the quality of spermatogenesis. Vitamin C as an antioxidant can counteract ROS so that testicular cells can be repaired.

Methods: This study was an experimental research with post tests only control group design on 25 male rats, 2-3 aged months, weight 160-240 g. Animals were divided into 5 groups. Negative control group was placed in cage without treatment, positive control given induced gentamicin 5mg/kgbb for the first 10 days, and 3 treatment given induced gentamicin 5mg/kgbb for the first 10 days and at days 11-51 were given vitamin C at a dose of 1.6mg; 2.25mg; 4.5mg. On 52 day, all of wistar rats perform terminated for analyzed the testosterone levels were by ELISA, sperm count was calculated with then haemocytometer observed with digital microscope, morphology of spermatozoa was analyzed by eosin staining and was observed with digital microscope.

Results: Results of this study showed that the average of testosteron serum on control negatif group of 3,82ng/ml, control positif 3.73ng/ml, treatment 1 is 9.52ng/ml, treatment 2 is 8.29ng/ml, and traetment 3 is 2.28ng/ml. Sperm count on control negatif 41.68 million/ml, control positif 21.06million/ml, treatment 1 is 52.92 million/ml, treatment 2 is 57.12million/ml, treatment 3 is 80.88 million/ml and sperm morphology on control negative  74.00%, control positif 46.96%, treatment 1 is 58.82%, treatment 2 is 68.68%, and treatment 3 is 78.72%.

Conclusions: It is concluded that vitamin C has significant effect on increasing testosteron level and sperm quality in gentamicin-induced wistar rats.


Gentamicin, Spermatozoa, Testosteron, Vitamin C

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