What do non-ophthalmic health professionals know about retinoblastoma: a survey in Saudi Arabia
Keywords:Amblyopia, Childhood tumour, Health knowledge, Retinoblastoma
Background: The aim of the study is to estimate the level of knowledge about retinoblastoma (Rb) and its determinants among non-ophthalmic health professionals of Qassim region of Saudi Arabia.
Methods: This cross-sectional survey was held in 2016 in primary health centres (PHC) and general hospitals in the study area. In addition to demography like age, gender, education, place of work, participants replied to five questions related to Rb with close-ended questions to respond. They were matched to the expert group's answers to estimate the level of knowledge.
Results: One hundred and fifty-two non-ophthalmic doctors participated in the survey. The excellent grade of knowledge of Rb was in 66 [43.3% (95% confidence interval 35.5-51.3)] of participants. Very poor level of knowledge was noted in 13 [8.6% (95% CI 4.1-13.0)] participants. Male gender (P = 0.02) and physician category (P = 0.02) were significantly associated with the excellent grade of Rb related knowledge. The participant’s response by type of questions varied significantly (P<0.001).
Conclusions: More than half of the non-ophthalmic health professionals had less than desired knowledge about Rb. Health education about Rb to health professionals could be gender sensitive and based on the type of profession. Increasing the awareness about retinoblastoma among non-ophthalmic health professional is important.
Aerts I, Lumbroso-Le Rouic L, Gauthier-Villars M, Brisse H, Doz F. Retinoblastoma update. Arch Pediatr. 2016;23(1):112-6.
Khandekar RB, Al-Towerki AA, Al-Katan H, et al. Ocular malignant tumors. Review of the Tumor Registry at a tertiary eye hospital in central Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2014;35(4):377-84.
Pirouzian A. Retinoblastoma (RB) in Saudi Arabia-retrospective comparative review of a registry. Peertechz J Pediatr Ther. 2015;20(015):1983-97.
Mansoor N, Mansoor T, Ahmed M. Eye pathologies in neonates. Int J Ophthalmol. 2016;9(12):1832-8.
Cotter SA, Cyert LA, Miller JM, Quinn GE. Vision screening for children 36 to <72 months: recommended practices. Optometry Vision Sci. 2015;92(1):6.
Murthy G, Raman U. Perspectives on primary eye care. Community eye health/International Centre for Eye Health. 2009;22(69):10-1.
Chawla B, Singh R. Recent advances and challenges in the management of retinoblastoma. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2017;65(2):133-9.
Atipo-Tsiba PW, Itoua C. Retinoblastoma: Assessing the level of knowledge of tumour by midwives in Brazzaville. East Afr Med J. 2015;92(5):241-4.
Leal-Leal CA, Dilliz-Nava H, Flores-Rojo M, Robles-Castro J. First Contact Physicians and Retinoblastoma in Mexico. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2011;57(7):1109-12.
Eastern Mediterranean Region works towards Universal Eye Health in ‘Global Action Plan- Eastern Mediterranean’. Available at: https://www.iapb.org/advocacy/global-action-plan-2014-2019/global-action-plan-eastern-mediterranean/. Accessed 8 November 2017.
Salem KA, Balahmar MK, Milaat W, Gabal MS. The effects of a training program on knowledge, attitude and practice of the staff of primary health care centers towards growth monitoring: an intervention study. J Egypt Pub Heal Assoc. 1999;74(5-6):627-49.
Galindo-Ferreiro A, Palencia-Ercilla T, Ferreira LM, Galvez-Ruiz A, Zornoff DCM, Khandekar R, et al. A survey of management of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction by pediatric primary health care providers in Spain. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2017;27(4):502-5.
Khan AR, Al Abdul Lateef ZN, Khamseen MB, Al Aithan MA, Khan SA, Al Ibrahim I. Knowledge, attitude and practice of ministry of health primary health care physicians in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study in the Al Hasa District of Saudi Arabia, 2010. Niger J Clin Pract. 2011;14(1):52-9.
Różańska A, Wójkowska-Mach J, Bulanda M. Work experience and seniority in health care vs. medical students' knowledge of selected hand hygiene procedures. Med Pr. 2016;67(5):623-33.