DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20191323

Evaluation of risk factors for lower extremity amputation in diabetic foot ulcer: a hospital based observational study in Northern India

Bhavkaran Singh Bal, Gagan Khanna, Aditya Bhardwaj, Kamalpreet Singh

Abstract


Background: The present prospective observational study was done to analyse the risk factors leading to minor or major lower extremity amputation (LEA) in diabetic patients.

Methods: A 139 patients were divided into Group A (n=113) and Group B (n=26) who underwent minor and major LEA respectively.

Results: Majority of the patients in group B were from rural and lower socioeconomic background.  Duration of diabetes (p=0.017) and  of DFU was significantly longer in group B (P <0.001) The pro-portion of patients with Wagner Grade 4 and 5  ulcer were significantly higher in group B than in group A (P <0.001) Wound infection and maggots were significantly higher in group B though polymicrobial infection was higher in group A. Biochemical investigations were abnormally altered but difference between two groups was not significant.

Conclusions: Socioeconomic burden on the society due to LEA can be reduced by making diabetic patients aware of foot hygiene, regular medical check-up for control of diabetes and associated complications.


Keywords


Amputation, Diabetes, Foot hygiene, Infection

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References


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