DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20190946

The impact of information and communication technologies (ICTs) on academic performance of medical students: an exploratory study

Shakeel Ahmad Mir, Danish Shakeel

Abstract


Background: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has a potential to improve teaching and learning process. There are conflicting reports on the effect of ICT on student`s outcome. Though there is an early indication of positive impact, but the technology has a potential to have a detrimental effect. The present study was taken up to explore the effects of ICT on medical student’s academic performance.

Methods: All the second professional students were given the questionnaire. Only 75 students had filled up the questionnaires completely.

Results: The study population consisted of 48.00% males and 52.00% females. 97.33% students had smart phones, 44.00% had a laptop too. 10.66% students got less than 50% marks in the second professional examination, 14.66% got 50-59% marks, 62.66% got 60-69% marks and 12.00% got 70% or more marks. A low negative correlation was found between academic performance and possession of a smart phone (r= -0.062), and between academic performance and possession of a laptop (r= -0.029). A moderate negative correlation was found between academic performance and the time spent on a smart phone or laptop (r = -0.309). The correlations between academic performance and gender, and academic performance and the time spent on mobile phones or laptops were found statistically significant (p=0.000 and 0.007 respectively).

Conclusions: Though ICT has capabilities of improving student`s academic performance, but it has a potential to have a negative effect if not used rationally. There is a vital need to sensitize the students about the potential academic risks associated with improper use of ICT. Students should be assisted and guided on how to use it judiciously.

Keywords


Academic performance, Information Technology, ICT

Full Text:

PDF

References


National Policy on Information and Communication Technology (ICT) In School Education. Department of School Education and Literacy Ministry of Human Resource Development Government of India 2012. Available at: http://mhrd.gov.in/sites/upload_files/mhrd/files/upload_document/revised_policy%20document%20ofICT.pdf.

Mtega WP, Bernard R, Msungu AC, Sanare R. Using mobile phones for teaching and learning purposes in higher learning institutions: The case of Sokoine University of Agriculture in Tanzania.

Learning Portal. Information and communication technology (ICT) in education. Available at: https://learningportal.iiep.unesco.org/en/issue-briefs/improve-learning/curriculum-and-materials/information-and-communication-technology-ict.

Koohestani HR, Soltani Arabshahi SK, Fata L, Ahmadi F. The educational effects of mobile learning on students of medical sciences: A systematic review in experimental studies. J Adv in Med Educ Profession. 2018;6(2):58-69.

Lepp A, Barkley JE, Karpinski AC. The relationship between cell phone use and academic performance in a sample of US college students. Sage Open. 2015 Feb 18;5(1):2158244015573169.

Youssef AB, Dahmani M. The impact of ICT on student performance in higher education: Direct effects, indirect effects and organisational change. RUSC. Universities Knowledge Soci J. 2008;5(1):45-56.

Basri WS, Alandejani JA, Almadani FM. ICT Adoption Impact on Students’ Academic Performance: Evidence from Saudi Universities. Education Research International. 2018;1-9.

Clarke B, Svanaes S. Updated review of the global use of mobile technology in education. Techknowledge for Schools, London. 2015 Dec.

Noor-Ul-Amin S. An effective use of ICT for education and learning by drawing on worldwide knowledge, research, and experience. ICT as a change agent for education. India: Department of Education, University of Kashmir. 2013.

Khwaileh FM, AlJarrah AA. Graduate students’ perceptions toward mobile‑learning (M‑Learning) at the University of Jordan. Int J Instruct Technol Distance Learn. 2010;7(10):15‑23.

Mir SA. Undergraduate medical student’s perceptions and experiences of m‑learning in pharmacology. Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol. 2015;4:1254-59.

de la Fuente Anuncibay R. ICTs and teenage students. Problematic usage or dependence. Procedia-Soci Behav Sci. 2017 Feb 21;237:230-6.

Ismail I, Bokhare S, Azizan S, Azman N. Teaching via mobile phone: A case study on Malaysian teachers’ technology acceptance and readiness. J Educators Online. 2013 Jan 1;10(1):1-38.

Jumoke1 S, Oloruntoba SA, Okafor B.Analysis of Mobile Phone Impact on Student Academic Performance in Tertiary Institution. Int J Emerg Technol Adv Eng. 2015;5(1):361-67.