A study of serum lipid profile in smokers and non-smokers: evaluation of role of smoking on lipid profile


  • Chandrashekar V. Kubihal Department of Biochemistry, Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli, Karnataka, India
  • Hemalatha D. Naik Department of Biochemistry, Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli, Karnataka, India




HDL, LDL, Total cholesterol, Triglycerides, VLDL


Background: Several studies have reported elevated blood cholesterol levels among persons who regularly smoke cigarettes and lowered blood cholesterol levels among persons quitting smoking. Other studies have also shown that smoking lowers high density lipoprotein level, resulting in an increased risk of coronary heart disease. Smoking also leads to increase in LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels. The objective was to study serum lipid profile in smokers and non-smokers.

Methods: A cross sectional comparative study was carried in 100 subjects. The subjects were divided into two groups. First group consisted of 25 nonsmokers and second group of 75 smokers. The group of 75 smokers was again divided into three equal sub groups of 25 each depending upon the duration and intensity of smoking. Concentration of serum total cholesterol and HDL was determined by Zak’s method. Concentration of serum LDL and VLDL cholesterol was determined by Friedwald’s formula. Concentration of serum triglyceride level was determined by enzymatic end point peroxidase coupled method.

Results: All the values of lipid profile i.e., total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, VLDL were found to be significantly higher among the smokers compared to the non-smokers. HDL value was significantly lower among smokers. As the degree of smoking increased from mild to heavy smokers, the values of total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL and VLDL increased. The degree of smoking was inversely proportional to HDL values i.e., the HDL value decreased as the smoking degree increased.

Conclusions: Thus, it can be said based on the present study that smoking affects and deranges the lipid profile of the person.


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How to Cite

Kubihal, C. V., & Naik, H. D. (2019). A study of serum lipid profile in smokers and non-smokers: evaluation of role of smoking on lipid profile. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 7(4), 1016–1021. https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20190995



Original Research Articles