Published: 2016-12-27

Digital gangrene a rare early manifestation of Wegener’s granulomatosis: a case report

Akash Mathur, Dinesh Gurjar, Arvind Lakesar, Ramkrishna Sai, Aradhana Singh, Hemant Malhotra


Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) or Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) rarely presents with digital gangrene being an early manifestation. We report a case of 60-year-old woman who presented with fever and cough with occasional hemoptysis along with painful bilateral feet digital gangrene. X ray chest and HRCT thorax of the patient was suggestive of multiple nodulo-cavitatory lesions. HPE of the lung lesion showed granulomatous pathology. CT Angiography was suggestive of multiple calcified and non-calcified lesions in infra renal aorta with stenosis of right dorsalis pedis artery. Biopsy of the skin lesion revealed a leucocytoclastic vasculitis. We eventually diagnosed GPA in light of clinical symptomatology with HPE of lung mass showing granulomatous lesion along with a positive cANCA. A few months after starting combined cyclophosphamide and steroids patient had significant symptomatic improvement. Hence Wegener’s granulomatosis should always be considered as a possibility while evaluating a patient of digital gangrene specially with pulmonary and renal involvement.


Wegener's granulomatosis, Granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Digital gangrene

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