Retracted: Role of recombinant SXP/RAL-2 family protein Wuchereria bancrofti L2 (rWbL2) as vaccine candidate in lymphatic filariasis in mastomys
Keywords:Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi, SXP/RAL-2 family protein WbL2, Vaccine, Nematodes
AbstractWith agreement from the corresponding author, the Editor-in-Chief retracts the article “Role of recombinant SXP/RAL-2 family protein Wuchereria bancrofti L2 (rWbL2) as vaccine candidate in lymphatic filariasis in mastomys”, Andure D et al. Int J Res Med Sci. 2016 Apr;4(4):1140-1146, DOI: 10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20160798, due to the duplication of figure from other previously published article. Figure 3 was reused from Figure 2 in the article “Immunization with Wuchereria bancrofti Glutathione-S-transferase Elicits a Mixed Th1/Th2 Type of Protective Immune Response Against Filarial Infection in Mastomys”, Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry, First online: 09 February 2016, DOI: 10.1007/s12291-016-0556-y. The corresponding author Dr. Dhananjay Andure has published it on his own without informing the co-authors and his guide.
World Health Organization’s GPELF progress report 2000–2009 and Strategic plan 2010–2020; 1-78.
Ramaiah KD, Das PK, Michael E, Guyatt H. The economic burden of Lymphatic filariasis in India. Parasitol Today. 2000;16(6):251-3.
Hotez PJ. Mass drug administration and integrated control for the world’s high-prevalence neglected tropical diseases. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2009;85:659-64.
Anugraha G, Madhumathi J, Prince PR, Jeya Prita PJ, Khatri VK, Amdare NP, et al. Chimeric Epitope Vaccine from Multistage Antigens for Lymphatic Filariasis. Scand J Immunol. 2015;82(4):380-9.
Anand SB, Murugan V, Prabhu PR, Anandharaman V, Reddy MV, Kaliraj P. Comparison of immunogenicity, protective efficacy of single and cocktail DNA vaccine of Brugia malayi abundant larval transcript (ALT-2) and thioredoxin peroxidase (TPX) in mice. Acta Trop. 2008;107:106-12.
Vanam U, Pandey V, Prabhu PR, Dakshinamurthy G, Reddy MV, Kaliraj P. Evaluation of immunoprophylactic efficacy of Brugia malayi transglutaminase (BmTGA) in single and multiple antigen vaccination with BmALT-2 and BmTPX for human lymphatic filariasis. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2009;80:319-24.
Veerapathran A, Dakshinamoorthy G, Gnanasekar M, Reddy MV, Kalyanasundaram R. Evaluation of Wuchereria bancrofti GST as a Vaccine Candidate for Lymphatic Filariasis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2009;3(6):e457.
Anand SB, Kodumudi KN, Reddy MV, Kaliraj P. A combination of two Brugia malayi filarial vaccine candidate antigens (BmALT-2 and BmVAH) enhances immune responses and protection in jirds. J Helminthol. 2011;85:442-52.
Dakshinamoorthy G, Samykutty AK, Munirathinam G, Reddy MV, Kalyanasundaram R. Multivalent fusion protein vaccine for lymphatic filariasis. Vaccine. 2013;31:1616-22.
Tytgat T, Vercauteren I, Vanholme B, De Meutter J, Vanhoutte I, Gheysen G, et al..An SXP/RAL2 protein produced by the subventral pharyngeal glands in the plant parasitic root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita. Parasitol Res. 2005;95:50-4.
Fujiwara RT, Zhan B, Mendez S, Loukas A, Bueno LL, Wang Y, et al. Reduction of Worm Fecundity and Canine Host Blood Loss Mediates Protection against Hookworm Infection Elicited by Vaccination with Recombinant Ac-16. Clinical and vaccine immunology. 2007;14(3):281-7.
Suzuki T, Seregey IG. Mass dissection technique for determining infectivity rate of filariasis vector. Jpn J Exp Med. 1979;49(2):117-21.
Reddy MVR, Alli R, Devi KK, Narayan R, Harikrishnan R, Cheirmaraj K, Harinath BC. Comparative evaluation of microtitre plate peroxidase & stick penicillinase enzyme immunoassay for detection of filarial antibodies using B.malayi microfilarial excretory secretory antigen. J Parasitic Disease. 1996;20:173-6.
Dalai SK, Das D, Kar SK. Seteria digitata adult 14-to 20-kDa antigens induce differential Th-1/Th-2 cytokine responses in the lymphocytes of endemic normals and asymptomatic microfilariae carriers in bancroftian filariasis. J Clin Immunol. 1998;18: 114-23.
Chandrashekar R, Rao UR, Parab PB, Subrahmanyam D. Brugia malayi: serum dependent cell-mediated reactions to microfilariae. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 1985;16(1):15-21.
Chandrashekar R, Rao UR, Subrahmanyam D. Serum dependent cell-mediated immune reactions to Brugia pahangi infective larvae. Parasite Immunol. 1985;7(6):633-41.
Weiss N, Tanner M. Studies on Dipetalonema viteae (Filarioidea) 3. Antibody-dependent cell-mediated destruction of microfilariae in vivo. Tropenmed Parasitol. 1979;30(1):73-80.
Rao KVN, Eswaran M, Ravi V, Gnanasekhar B, Narayanan RB, Kaliraj P. The Wuchereria bancrofti orthologue of Brugia malayi SXP-1 & the diagnosis of bancroftian filariasis. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2000;107:71-80.
Lustigman S, MacDonald AJ, Abraham D. CD4+-dependent immunity to Onchocerca volvulus third-stage larvae in humans and the mouse vaccination model: common ground and distinctions. Int. J. Parasitol. 2003;33:1161-71.
Tsuji N, Suzuki K, Kasuga-Aoki H, Matsumoto Y, Arakawa T, Ishiwata K, et al. Intranasal immunization with recombinant Ascaris suum 14-kilodalton antigen coupled with cholera toxin B subunit induces protective immunity to A. suum infection in mice. Infect Immun. 2001;69:7285-92.
Wang SH, Zheng HJ, Dissanayake S, Cheng WF, Tao ZH, Lin SZ, Piessens WF. Evaluation of recombinant chitinase and SXP1 antigens as antimicrofilarial vaccines. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1997;56:474-81.
Akiyama Y, Lubeck MD, Steplewski Z, Koprowski H. Induction of mouse IgG2a- and IgG3-dependent cellular cytotoxicity in human monocytic cells (U937) by immune interferon. Cancer Res. 1984;44:5127-31.
Lawrence RA. Immunity to filarial nematodes. Vet Parasitol. 2001;100:33-44.
Mehta K, Subrahmanyam D, Sindhu RK. Immunogenicity of homogenates of the developmental stages of Litomosoides carinii in albino rats. Acta Trop. 1981;38(3):319-24.