Level of physical activity, determinants and barriers to motivate physical activities among south Indian diabetic patients: a prospective, questionnaire based study
Keywords:Barriers, Determinants, Diabetes mellitus, Physical activity
Background: Several clinical trials have been reported that sedentary lifestyle modification including physical activity (PA) and weight loss significantly alters the sort-term as well as long-term incidence of diabetes. The present study explored the level of physical activity and its barriers among south Indian naïve patients who are attending the tertiary care teaching hospital.
Methods: A prospective observational, questionnaire-based study. Patients with diabetes (both Type-1 and 2) who were attended diabetic clinic in the Department of General Medicine, Maharaja Institute of Medical Sciences (MIMS), Vijayanagaram, Andhra Pradesh, India was selected and recruited. Demographic data, clinical data were collected from the study participants. International Physical Activity questionnaire was used to determine each patient level of physical activity (PA). Physical activity is graded into low (<600 metabolic equivalent (MET)), moderate (600-3000 MET) and high (>3000 MET).
Results: A total of 300 subjects were completed the entire study. Majority (62.7%) of the patients were suffering from Type-2 diabetes mellitus. Both male and female study subjects had low physical activity (70.5% and 74.1%) and moderate PA was seen in only one thirds of the patients. Patients with low physical activity had low glycaemic control compared to patients who were involved in moderate PA. Moderate PA patients had adequate glycaemic control (65.9 vs 34.1%, P <0.001). A total of 42.0% of subjects were suffering from one of the joint pains and friction joints, due to the following reason subjects were not involved in the PA.
Conclusions: Low level of physical activity was observed in the study population, which is a risk factor for several micro-vascular complications over a period of time. It is very important to address the barriers of PA and vigorous counselling is needed which directs towards increasing PA.
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