Aluminium phosphide induced pancreatitis


  • Mir Nadeem Department of Medicine, SGT Medical College and Research Centre, Gurgoan, Haryana, India
  • Vishal Phogat Department of Medicine, SGT Medical College and Research Centre, Gurgoan, Haryana, India
  • Mir Waseem Department of Medicine, GMC Baramulla, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Tabinda Ayub Shah Department of medicine GMC Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir india



Aluminium phosphide, Pancreatitis, Sepsis, Shock


Aluminium Phosphide (AlP) is a commonly used agricultural pesticide. It is cheap, effective, and easily available. Aluminium Phosphide is used as a rodenticide, insecticide, and fumigant to preserve stored cereal grains, also known as "Wheat pills". In Iran, it is known as the rice tablet. There, have been frequent incidents of accidental or intentional deaths. There have been only a few case reports on aluminum phosphide-induced pancreatitis in the literature available. In this report, we present the case of a young man who developed acute pancreatitis following ingestion of aluminum phosphide pellet in the absence of the usual risk factors and after exclusion of other possible causes of pancreatitis. 35-year-old male came to the ER of SGT Hospital, Gurugram, one hour after ingestion of a single 3 g tablet of Aluminium Phosphide (Celphos) at home, with a suicidal intent. He had three episodes of Vomiting on the way to the hospital. On Day 1 of admission, USG abdomen showed heterogeneity of head and the body of pancreas with minimal peri-pancreatic fluid, suggestive of Pancreatitis. Serum Amylase and lipase levels were raised throughout the hospital course. CT images were suggestive of pancreatitis. The signs and symptoms of Acute AlP Poisoning are non-specific, dose dependent and evolve with time. After ingestion, toxic features usually develop within a few minutes. The major lethal consequence of AlP ingestion is profound circulatory collapse, secondary to direct effects of toxins on cardiomyocytes, fluid loss, and adrenal gland damage. Our patient was diagnosed with acute pancreatitis in first 24hours of admission with high suspicion of pancreatitis and managed well with iv fluids and supportive treatment and was discharged after 3 weeks of in hospital stay.


Mehrpour O, Singh S. Rice tablet poisoning: a major concern in Iranian population. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2010;29(8):701-2.

BBC News. Millionaire's death sparks poison scare. Available at: Accessed 10 October 2002.

Bogle RG, Theron P, Brooks P, Dargan PI, Redhead J. Aluminium phosphide poisoning. Emerg Med J. 2006;23(1):e03.

Siwach SB, Gupta A. The profile of acute poisonings in Harayana-Rohtak Study. J Assoc Physicians India. 1995;43(11):756-9.

Ranga, GS, Dwivedi, S, Agarwal, M, Kumar, D. Aluminium phosphide poisoning in a young adult: a suicidal cardiotoxin simulating myocardial iscaemia. J Indian Acad Clin Med. 2004;5:369.

Mathai A, Bhanu MS. Acute aluminium phosphide poisoning: Can we predict mortality?. Indian J Anaesth. 2010;54(4):302.

Sudakin DL. Occupational exposure to aluminium phosphide and phosphine gas? A suspected case report and review of the literature. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2005:24(1):27-33.




How to Cite

Nadeem, M., Phogat, V., Waseem, M., & Shah, T. A. (2019). Aluminium phosphide induced pancreatitis. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 7(8), 3180–3182.



Case Reports