DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20193951

Blunt abdominal trauma in Sanglah Hospital Bali, Indonesia: a study of 65 cases

Putu Gosen Partama, Made Agus Dwianthara Sueta

Abstract


Abdominal trauma is a challenge for every surgeon, whether related to diagnosis or treatment. In developing countries, the number of traumatic events associated with death makes it necessary for a study to be carried out to see the patterns and damage caused by abdominal trauma and the organs involved. Material and Method is all patients with blunt trauma of the abdomen who came to emergency unit Sanglah Hospital Bali, from January 2017 up to May 2018 that undergo laparotomy exploration were enrolled, the data were collected retrospectively using patient medical records. Results is 65 patients with blunt abdominal trauma came to the emergency department and undergoes laparotomy exploration, range of age was 4-74 year old and 75.3% of them were men. The most common injured organs were spleen and liver, both are 26 and 15 cases (40 and 23%). Another intraoperative finding are Ileum Perforation (10 cases) Left Zone II Retroperitoneal Haematoma (7 cases), and Mesenterium Rupture (5 cases). Splenectomy was the most performed procedure (26 cases). The most common cause of blunt abdominal trauma was motor vehicle accident. Hypovolemic shock was the most common clinical presentation (48 patient). The Conclusions are according to this study, men consisted 75.3% cases of blunt abdominal trauma and the range age of patients was 4-74 year old. The most common cause was motor vehicle accident. Among patients with intra-abdominal organ damage, spleen and liver were most commonly involved. About 84.6% of all patients with blunt abdominal trauma were discharged without complication and morbidity.


Keywords


Abdominal trauma, Blunt trauma abdomen, Hypovolemic shock, Laparotomy, Spleen rupture, Splenectomy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Sah, D, Sinha SP. Pattern of Abdominal Injuries in A Tertiary Care Centre in Western U.P. Ann Int Med Dent Res. 2016:6(2):5-9.

Abri B, Shams-Vahdati S, Paknezhad S, Sepehri-Majd P. Blunt abdominal trauma and organ damage and its prognosis. JARCM. 2016:4(4):228-32.

Mattox KL. Mattox trauma 7th Edition. The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2013:512-528.

Anderson I, Irving M. The investigation of abdominal trauma. Arch Emerg Med. 1990:7:1-8.

Cho Y, Judson R, Gumm K, Santos R. Blunt Abdominal Trauma guideline. Royal Melbourne Hospital. 2017:1-7.

Kulkarni, S., Kanase, V., Kanase, N., Varute, P. Blunt Trauma to Abdomen in Rural Setup. Int J Scientific Study. 2015:3(4):16-9.