Knowledge of anganwadi workers about integrated child development services: a study in Sitamarhi district of Bihar, India
Keywords:Anganwadi worker, Education, Knowledge, Integrated child development services, Training
Background: The anganwadi worker (AWW) is the backbone of integrated child development services (ICDS) for delivering the services of the program. Being a key functionary, her level of knowledge regarding various components of ICDS is linked to the ultimate outcome of the ICDS program. Thus, this study was aimed to assess the level of knowledge among AWW regarding services of ICDS.
Methods: This was a cross sectional study in which level of knowledge regarding ICDS among anganwadi worker was assessed using structured questionnaire. The primary outcome of the study is the knowledge of AWW about ICDS component services. Descriptive statistics was presented as frequency and percentage for categorical variable. The knowledge of AWW was assessed by knowledge score made under all the themes of the questionnaire and was presented as mean and median score. Analysis was done in STATA version 14.2.
Results: Nearly 55% of the respondents were not aware about ICDS services. Whereas majority had knowledge on growth monitoring and immunization respectively, above the median score, only 39% of AWW had knowledge on nutritional supplementation above median score. The variables such as education level and training of AWW showed significant association with the knowledge of ICDS components.
Conclusions: There is need for improving knowledge and awareness about various ICDS components and the training quality provided to AWWs.
Integrated Child Development Scheme. Women and Child Development Department: Government of India; 2018. Available at: http://icds-wcd.nic.in/icds.aspx. Accessed on 25 March 2018.
Universalization of Integrated Child Development Scheme. Women and Child Development Department: Government of India; Available at: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx. Accessed on 1 April 2018.
Baliga SS, Walvekar PR. A study on knowledge of anganwadi workers about integrated child development services at three urban health centers. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4(9):3283-7.
Kapil U, Saxena N, Nayar D, Gnanasekaran N. Status of growth monitoring activities in selected ICDS projects of Rajasthan. Indian pediatrics. 1996 Nov 1;33(11):949-52.
Kapil U, Sood AK, Nayar D, Gaur DR, Paul D, Chaturvedi S, et al. Assessment of knowledge and skills about growth monitoring amongst medical officers, child development project officers and multipurpose workers. Indian Pediatr. 1994;31:43-6.
Vasundhara MK, Harish BN. Nutrition and health education through I.C.D.S. Indian J. Matern. Child Health.1993; 4:25-6.
The National Institution for Transforming India Aayog (NITI) aayog. NITI Aayog: Government of India; Available at: https://pmawards.gov.in/public/List-of-Backward-Districts.pdf. Accessed on 25 June 2019.
Bhasin SK, Kumar R, Singh S, Dubey KK, Kapil U. Knowledge of Anganwadi workers about growth monitoring in Delhi. Indian Pediatr. 1995;32(1):73-6.
Thakare MM, Kurll BM, Doibale MK, Goel NK. Knowledge of anganwadi workers and their problems in an urban ICDS block. J Med Coll Chandigarh. 2011;1(1):15-9.
Integrated child development scheme. Vikaspedia: Government of India. Available at: https://vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/women-and-child-development/child-development-1/intregrated-child-development-scheme. Accessed on 22 July 2018
Mahajan AS. Current Levels of Knowledge among Anganwadi Workers about Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) and their Need to Training Programmes for Capacity Building. IIHMR dissertations. 2014. Available at: https://iihmr.edu.in/student-dissertation/2012-2014. Accessed on 23 March 2018
Vasundhara MK, Harish BN. Nutrition and health education through ICDS. Indian J Maternal and Child Health. 1993;4(1):25-6.
Kant L, Gupta A, Mehta SP. Profile of anganwadi workers and their knowledge about ICDS. Ind J Pediatr. 1984;51(4):401-2.