Pocket book of anxiety for parents of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Eni Rahmawati, Indria L. Gamayanti, Sri Setyarini


Background: Parents of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) often experience psychological disorders, mainly of anxiety. Anxiety can have a bad impact on the health of parents and children. The study aims to see the effect of education using a pocket book against the anxiety parents of children with ALL. In addition to looking at the relationship between age, number of children, education, employment and length of treatment to anxiety.

Methods: This study used quantitative and qualitative approaches, quasi experiment pre-test, post-test without control group design. The research sample amounted to 28 parents of children with ALL in the Dr. Moewardi General Hospital Surakarta and interviews conducted on 3 respondents. Anxiety instrument consists of 31 statements valid and reliable that created specifically for anxiety parents of children with ALL. The effect of education measured after day 18 from the treatment time. Respondents are educated in two sessions with a time of 20-30 minutes each session.

Results: Based on the statistical analysis of paired sample t test in get difference the average value of anxiety before and after the education from 73.1 to 66.6 and average reduction of anxiety was 6.5 (p= 0.020; p<0.05). Changes in the level of anxiety of respondents before and after treatment is correlate with age of the respondents (r= -0.425, p<0.05). Meanwhile, the number of children, education, employment and duration of treatment was not associated with anxiety.

Conclusions: The results showed there are significant educational use pocket book to anxiety parents of children ALL.



Anxiety, ALL, Parents, Education

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