DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20195926

Epidemiology of overweight and obesity in school going children: 11-15 years in the urban area of Cuttack city

S. Suneeti Kanyari, Durga M. Satapathy, Rama C. Giri

Abstract


Background: The world health organization has described obesity as one of today’s most neglected public health problems, affecting developed and developing countries in the world. A dramatic increase in overweight and obesity among children and adolescent has raised the concern of various public health physicians especially in developing country like India. This study was conducted with an objective to study the prevalence of overweight and obesity and its associated risk factors among school going children of Cuttack city.

Methods: School based cross sectional study was done among the children of 6th to 10th class. To calculate the maximum sample size prevalence of obesity was assumed to be 10%, taking absolute error of 2% and 10% non-response rate the sample was calculated to be 1000. By multistage sampling method the children were selected. Data was collected using a pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire and analyzed by using SPSS version 16.

Results: The combined prevalence of overweight and obesity was 20.2% and it was higher among boys (20.6%) than girls (19.8%). Overweight and obesity was found to be significantly associated with type of school, parent’s occupation, hours of using TV/computer, eating habit, family history of obesity, type of family and mode of transport to school.

Conclusions: Prevalence of overweight and obesity was found to be high in school going children, which indicates an urgent need to increase awareness via education and motivation of all stakeholders to prevent the complications in future.


Keywords


Epidemiology, Obesity, Overweight, School going children

Full Text:

PDF

References


Garrow JS. Obesity and related diseases. London, Churchill Living, 1988:1-16.

World Health Organization (WHO). Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic. Report of a WHO Consultation. WHO Technical Report Series No. 894.Geneva: WHO, 2000.

Barlow SE, Dietz WH. Obesity evaluation and treatment: expert committee recommendations. Pediatr. 1998;102(3):e29.

Risks R. Promoting healthy life. World Health Report. 2002;58.

Lobstein T, Baur L, Uauy R. Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health. Obesity Rev. 2004 May;5:4-85.

Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health: A framework to monitor and evaluate implementation. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2006.

Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Curtin LR, Lamb MM, Flegal KM. Prevalence of high body mass index in US children and adolescents, 2007-2008. Jama. 2010;303(3):242-9.

National Center for Health Statistics (US), National Center for Health Services Research. Health, United States... with Adolescent Health Chartbook. National Center for Health Statistics; 2004.

Ezzati M, Lopez AD, Rodgers AA, Murray CJ. Comparative quantification of health risks: global and regional burden of disease attributable to selected major risk factors. World Health Organization; 2004.

Food, nutrition, and the prevention of cancer: a global perspective. American Institute for Cancer Research and World Cancer Research Fund (AICR/WCRF), Washington, DC, 2007.

Tsiros MD, Olds T, Buckley JD, Grimshaw P, Brennan L, Walkley J, et al. Health-related quality of life in obese children and adolescents. Int J Obes. 2009;33(4):387.

Williams J, Wake M, Hesketh K, Maher E, Waters E. Health-related quality of life of overweight and obese children. Jama. 2005;293(1):70-6.

Must A, Jacques PF, Dallal GE, Bajema CJ, Dietz WH. Long-term morbidity and mortality of overweight adolescents: a follow-up of the Harvard Growth Study of 1922 to 1935. New Engl J Med. 1992;327(19):1350-5.

World Health Organization. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. World Health Organization; 2000.

Abraham S, Collins G, Nordsieck M. Relationship of childhood weight status to morbidity in adults. HSMHA Health Reports. 1971;86(3):273.

Guo SS, Roche AF, Chumlea WC, Gardner JD, Siervogel RM. The predictive value of childhood body mass index values for overweight at age 35 y. Am J ClinNutrit. 1994;59(4):810-9.

Must A, Jacques PF, Dallal GE, Bajema CJ, Dietz WH. Long-term morbidity and mortality of overweight adolescents: a follow-up of the Harvard Growth Study of 1922 to 1935. New Eng J Med. 1992;327(19):1350-5.

Jahnavi A, Chandrika DB, Sultana G, Vanita KP. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in school going children. Pharmanest. 2011;2:369-77.

Shah C, Diwan J, Rao P, Bhabhor M, Gokhle P, Mehta H. Assessment of obesity in school children. Calicut Med J. 2008;6(3):e2.

Aggarwal T, Bhatia RC, Singh D, Sobti PC. Prevalence of obesity and overweight in affluent adolescents from Ludhiana, Punjab. Ind Pediatr. 2008;45(6):500.

Kumar S, Mahabalaraju DK, Anuroopa MS. Prevalence of obesity and its influencing factor among affluent school children of Davangere city. Indian J Commun Med. 2007;32(1):15.

Padez C, Mourao I, Moreira P, Rosado V. Prevalence and risk factors for overweight and obesity in Portuguese children. Acta Paediatr. 2005;94(11):1550-7.

Sood A, Sundararaj P, Sharma S, Kurpad AV, Muthayya S. BMI and body fat percent: affluent adolescent girls in Bangalore City. Ind Pediatr. 2007;44(8):587.

Amin TT, Al-Sultan AI, Ali A. Overweight and obesity and their relation to dietary habits and socio-demographic characteristics among male primary school children in Al-Hassa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Eur J Nutrit. 2008;47(6):310.

Bharati DR, Deshmukh PR, Garg BS. Correlates of overweight & obesity among school going children of Wardha city, Central India. Ind J Med Res. 2008;127(6):539.

Mohanty B. The prevalence of overweight and obesity in school going children of Pondicherry. Research Project, Government of. 2008.

Kotian MS, Kumar G, Kotian SS. Prevalence and determinants of overweight and obesity among adolescent school children of South Karnataka, India. Ind J Commun Med: Offic Publicat Ind Assoc Prevent Soci Med. 2010;35(1):176.

Patnaik S, Patnaik L, Patnaik S, Hussain M. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in a private school of Orissa, India. Int J Epidemiol. 2011;10(1):20-36.

Laxmaiah A, Nagalla B, Vijayaraghavan K, Nair M. Factors affecting prevalence of overweight among 12‐to 17‐year‐old urban adolescents in Hyderabad, India. Obesity. 2007;15(6):1384-90.

Jain S, Pant B, Chopra H, Tiwari R. Obesity among adolescents of affluent public schools in Meerut. Ind J Pub Health. 2010;54(3):158.

Jain G, Bharadwaj SK, Joglekar AR. To study the prevalence of overweight and obesity among school children (13-17yrs) in relation to their socioeconomic status and Eating habits. Int J Sci Res Pub. 2012;2:1-4.

Goyal RK, Shah VN, Saboo BD, Phatak SR, Shah NN, Gohel MC, et al. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Indian adolescent school going children: its relationship with socioeconomic status and associated lifestyle factors. J Assoc Phys Ind. 2010;58:151-8.

Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Frank LD, Couch SC, Zhou C, Colburn T, et al. Obesogenic neighborhood environments, child and parent obesity: the Neighborhood Impact on Kids study. Am J Prevent Med. 2012;42(5):e57-64.