Estradiol and lipid levels in men with acute myocardial infarction
Keywords:Cardiovascular disease, Estradiol, High density lipoprotein, Myocardial infarction
Background: The incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) is more common in men when compared with women and women after menopause are at high risk of MI. This gender difference in CVD risk might be because of the difference in the circulating estrogen levels in men and women. Dyslipidemia is also one of the major causes of MI. The present study was aimed to estimate the levels of serum estradiol and serum lipids in newly diagnosed male MI cases and to find out any correlation between these two.
Methods: The study was conducted on 50 newly diagnosed MI admitted in Cardiology department Narayana general hospital and Medical College, Nellore. Only males were included in the study. Fifty age and sex-matched healthy individuals were selected as controls. Lipid levels are estimated by endpoint colorimetric assay (HUMANSTAR kit) and estradiol was estimated by Chemiluminance immune assay (CLIA).
Results: Significantly raised levels of estradiol (p-value <0.0001) and low HDL cholesterol (p-value =0.0085) levels were noticed among the cases compared to controls. No significant correlation was observed between estradiol and lipoproteins (HDL and LDL).
Conclusions: The results of the present study in acute MI compared to controls show hyper estrogenemia in Male MI cases, which may be the underlying cause for thrombosis in acute MI. Decreased levels of HDL cholesterol are observed in the MI cases which are known to increase the risk of Atherosclerosis. No significant correlation were noticed between Estradiol and HDL cholesterol in men with acute MI.
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