Hyperuricemia prevalence in Indian subjects with underlying comorbidities of hypertension and/or type 2 diabetes: a retrospective study from subjects attending hyperuricemia screening camps
Keywords:Comorbidities, Hypertension, Hyperuricemia, Serum uric acid, Type 2 diabetes mellitus
Background: To determine the prevalence of HU in Indian subjects attending the HU screening camps and in subjects with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), Hypertension (HTN), and T2DM+HTN.
Methods: This was a retrospective, non-interventional study where medical records of subjects attending HU screening camps across 592 locations in India, between June 2017 to May 2018, were analyzed.
Results: A total of 197097 subjects (T2DM: 19.69%; HTN: 14.08%; T2DM+HTN: 21.60%) attended the screening camps. Mean age of the study participants was 48.43±13.38 years (Male: 53.80%). A total of 48606(24.66%) subjects had HU. In the overall population, a higher proportion of subjects with T2DM + HTN (7.36%) had HU in comparison to subjects with T2DM (5.63%) and HTN (4.25%) alone. Similar results were reported when the data was evaluated only in HU subjects (T2DM+HTN: 29.85%; T2DM: 22.82%; HTN: 17.22%). Proportion of HU subjects increased with age, with the maximum prevalence evident in subjects aged >50 years (12.94%), followed by 30-50 years (10.65%) and <30 years (1.07%). Gender-wise, a slightly higher proportion of males (14.13%) were found to be hyperuricemic than females (10.53%). Higher proportion of subjects with disease (T2DM and/or HTN) duration of 2-5 years were found to be hyperuricemic in comparison with subjects with disease duration of >5 years or <2 years. Similar results were reported when the data was evaluated in the overall HU subjects and by indication.
Conclusions: Authors observed a high prevalence of HU among subjects attending HU camps and those with associated comorbidities. The prevalence of HU was higher in males and has an increasing trend with age. Furthermore, the prevalence of HU was observed to be higher in subjects with 2-5 years of duration of T2DM and/or HTN.
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