Histopathological spectrum of gall bladder lesions

Aparna M. Kulkarni, Esha Devendra Jadhav, Ravindra V. Ramteke


Background: Gall bladder diseases are a very common health problem that affects millions of people throughout the world. Cholelithiasis is commonly associated with carcinoma gallbladder. Cholecystectomy is the most commonly performed surgical procedure done for gall bladder disease.

Methods: A total of 161 cases of gall bladder lesions were evaluated from January 2017 to December 2018 which were sent to department of pathology. Specimens were fixed in 10% formalin. Appropriate areas were selected from the specimen and grossed, processed, sectioned, stained using haematoxylin and eosin and were observed under microscope.

Results: Out of 161 cases, 105 were female (65.22%) and 56 cases were male (34.78%).Histopathologically, the most common diagnosis was Chronic calculus cholecystitis (57.76%) followed by chronic acalculus cholecystitis (22.36%). Remaining cases were of Acute on chronic cholecystitis (6.21%), Acute on chronic cholecystitis with cholelithiasis (4.96%), Acute on chronic cholecystitis with perforation peritonitis (1.24%), Acute suppurative cholecystitis with perforation peritonitis (0.62%), Biliary Atresia (1.24%), Chronic cholecystitis with choledochal cyst (1.24%), Follicular cholecystitis (1.24%), Adenocarcinoma (0.62%), Adenosquamous carcinoma (0.62%) and one case was inconclusive (0.62%).

Conclusions: The incidence of chronic calculus cholecystitis was found to be 57.76% with female preponderance and mostly in third decade. Malignancy of gall bladder is a rare condition. Routine histopathological examination of all cholecystectomy specimens is strongly recommended for the detection of various variants of chronic cholecystitis and also of incidental carcinoma of gall bladder which helps in their treatment and prognosis.


Gall bladder, Gall stones, Gall bladder carcinoma

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