Modified Rood’s approach and ability of independent selfcare in haemorrhagic stroke patients of Assam, India


  • Kuki Bordoloi Faculty of allied health sciences, Srimanta Shankardeva University of Health Sciences, Guwahati, Assam, India
  • Rup Sekhar Deka Department of Anatomy, Jorhat Medical College, Jorhat, Assam, India



Activity of daily living, Ability of independent selfcare, Intra-cerebral haemorrhage, Rood’s approach, Stroke


Background: Stroke is the third leading cause of death and the primary cause of serious, long-term disability which can be regarded as weakness, generalized fatigue, loss of voluntary motor control or limitation in mobility, spasticity, sensory and cognitive dysfunction. In this research, a comparative study on the ability of independent self-care was conducted between two groups of patients during a 3 months follow-up period viz. Group A - patients who were given Home Exercise Programme (HEP) with conventional physiotherapy; and Group B - patients who were given HEP with conventional physiotherapy along with neuro-facilitation via Rood’s approach.

Methods: In this study 236 haemorrhagic stroke patients were recruited and randomly divided to two groups.  Both the groups were given a HEP consisting of regular physiotherapy. Additionally, one group out of the two was also taught exercises based on Rood’s approach consisting of facilitation and inhibition with the help of sensory stimulation, purposeful activity based exercises, with additional emphasis on repetition. The output was evaluated in terms of disability using the Barthel Index after 3 months of treatment.

Results: After 3 months, it was found that patients who received HEP with both conventional physiotherapy and Rood’s approach had significantly greater improvement in Barthel Index scores compared to patients who received HEP only through conventional physiotherapy.

Conclusions: This suggests that HEP consisting of conventional physiotherapy along with Rood’s approach is more effective in improving the ability of independent self-care in case of post intra-cerebral haemorrhagic patients when compared to conventional physiotherapy alone.


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How to Cite

Bordoloi, K., & Deka, R. S. (2020). Modified Rood’s approach and ability of independent selfcare in haemorrhagic stroke patients of Assam, India. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 8(3), 1070–1075.



Original Research Articles